The Moral Theory Of Utilitarianism

1725 Words Apr 9th, 2015 7 Pages
Numerous moral theories have surfaced in the past years. They have been widely debated by philosophers and social reformers. It is important to understand what these theories are because of their influential tendencies in the way people act, especially in making morally right or wrong decisions. Utilitarianism is one of these many moral theories. Upon further analysis, problems with utilitarian thoughts are revealed. It has been widely debated by many philosophers, including G.E. Moore and Immanuel Kant. Like these two philosophers, I argue that utilitarianism is inadequate because of its contradictory nature as a moral theory. It highlights the principle of utility in seeking the greatest pleasure, allowing egotistic and hedonistic actions to be considered moral.
John Stuart Mill, born in 1806 in London, is one of the most infamous utilitarians in history. He was a philosopher, economist, and social reformer who grew up under the influence of utilitarianism. He spent the last few years of his life arguing for a systematic method to comprehending social, political, and economic changes without overlooking the insights of writers. Mills wrote Utilitarianism in 1861, defending his position to strive for the greatest pleasure for the relevant group.
Before I discuss the theory of utilitarianism, it is imperative to explain and understand what it is. Utilitarianism is a moral theory, or a doctrine explaining why certain actions are right or wrong. It is the idea that moral…
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