The political dangers of the Santa Fe Trails are not unique to a time period; they were however differed in severity only shared across the timeline. Throughout the nineteenth century, the Southwest faced a range of challenges, including the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), which was fought over the disputed boundary of Texas after it was annexed in 1845. The Mexicans and the Native Americans continued to cause problems for political agents in the Southwest. Challenges in the Southwest such as the relations with the Mexicans and Native Americans continued through to The American Civil War, 1861-65. James Silas Calhoun (b.1802) was made Indian Agent in 1851 by President Fillmore. His political history begins in 1825 working within Georgia Legislature, starting as a Democratic he became a Whig in the early 1830’s. He died in Independence Missouri in 1852. James Calhoun’s correspondence illustrates a wide range of circumstances from which the political situation can be deduced. The correspondence covers the period of his time in office: 1849-52. Alongside other contemporary accounts the details of the political situation can be concurred across the timeline, although the situation adapted over the time period of this study. Accounts from Captain William Becknell and William Ryus give further details of the Santa Fe Trail before and after James Calhoun’s correspondence. Becknell and Ryus travelled the Trail in 1821 and 1860 respectively; Becknell was the first one to travel
Joseph, Missouri to Sacramento, California.Traveling route wasnt as simple as it sounds due to the mountains,horse stops,resting,and of course locations traveled.it followed the oregon trail for a lil while but then used the mormon trail to salt lake city.traveled over the rocky mountain then to the sierra nevada mountains then finally arrived in california the final destination.Along the trail which was approximately a 1900 mile route were about 184 stations.It stretched going east to west and back and fourth.The pony express national wrote an nsert about how riders would get up to 250 miles in a 24 day.This route was hazardous and tough men stepped up to do the jon and did it very well.In 19 months only one delivery was lost.The route may seem tricky and scary but the right men were chosen and delivered the long distances to deliver our
The Mormon faith dates back to the year 1830 when Joseph Smith, the founder along with 5 other men gathered together to form what they initially called The Church of Christ. This was later changed to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.
Have you ever been forced to leave and explore the world? Well that's relatable, it's the only option left for the immigrants trying to blaze a trail to travel on safety. But people don't wanna risk getting hurt or trespassing into someone's land.
The Utopian Movement consisted of several communities searching for a utopia, an ideal society. The communities were the Amana Society, New Harmony, Brook Farm, Oneida Community, Shakers and Mormons. The ones I found the most interesting were the Oneida Community and the Mormons. What interested me about the Oneida Community was not that they were all for group marriage and free love, what I found interesting about the community was how they adapted so quickly into a manufacturing community. I assumed that before the trap inventor joined them that they were not doing well financially. Another thing that surprised me about them was how they were able to get so many resources to manufacture their products. I imagine that finding steel and silver
During the Second Great Awakening many Americans were stirred by passionate religious movements and Mormonism was one of them. Although it initially began as a revelation given to Joseph Smith, his strong beliefs led to powerful revivals in the New York area that drew people from across the northeast. Despite strong interest and numerous converters to the faith, the Mormon community would not remain in the New York area for long. Though they had an objective of spreading Mormonism throughout America and other parts of the world, this was only part of the reason for their move west. Religious persecution, government issues, spiritual revelation, financial problems, and land disputes ultimately led to their decision to settle in Utah.
Mormonism was founded in the 1820s’ by Joseph Smith. Smith, wanting to expand his religious following migrated to Illinois where he established a settlement that included a temple of worship and a village (Green 57). In Illinois the Mormon peoples’ were met with threats, violence, and occasionally they were even killed. This was the case for their leader Joseph Smith; Smith was met with disgust from non-mormons when he attempted to run for presidency and his church riddled with scandal when the word of polygamy got out. With his tarnished reputation, Smith was ultimately murdered by an outraged mob, who then threatened other Mormons that if they did not leave they would be met with the same fate (Mormons into the West). With that warning, the Mormons picked a new leader, Brigham Young, who wanted to flee the American Border. Young set for travel with his new followers to the Great Salt Lake, which at the time was located in Mexico.
The Utes are a Colorado tribe whose land was gradually overrun by mineral and gold miners. Chief Ouray signed a treaty in 1863 allowing settlers to mine Ute land and relinquishing all mineral rights. He signed another treaty in 1868 that allotted 16 million acres of forests and meadows in the Rockies as a personal reservation that prohibited white trespass. When disputes arose, Nathan Meeker attempted to assimilate the Utes into Euro-American culture, but William Vickers opposed the idea and started "The Utes Must Go!" campaign in 1879. Vickers called on the US cavalry to prevent an uprising by the Utes. The Utes responded by killing all the white men at the White River Indian agency. In 1881, as a result of outrage over the White River Massacre,
In the mid 1800’s a assembly of people fled to destined lands. The discovery of gold in California was an eye catcher, therefore having a great increase of people in the land. In Springfield, Illinois, a mass of people, emigrants managed by two wealthy brothers were headed to California, the destined lands. Planning their route ahead of time, told them that the California trail was the best way to go. The end of the trail led them to Fort Bridger, Wyoming, which wasn't their final stop. From there they sought a new route that was “allegedly” a shorter route. This was laid out by Lansford Hastings. Lansford Hastings was a developer of the shortcut the party took that was leading them to California. At the time that the group landed at Fort
The Story.In September 11, 1857 was the date that Mormons and Paiutes killed 120 emigrants at Mountain Meadows, Utah.The Mormons killed all those emigrants because the emigrants started committing minor depredations against Mormons fields, abusing the local Paiutes indians, and taunting the Mormons with the reminders of how the Missourians had attacked and chased them out of Missouri during the 1830s.Then after that some Mormon guerillas decided to get revenge on the emigrants.The Mormons cooperated with the Paiutes indians who were already attacking the train.Then when the Mormons got there they pretended to be the protectors.The Mormon guerillas told the emigrants that they have convinced the Paiutes indians to let them go if they surrender
A group of Mormons were trying to escape the Indians, which were terrorizing them. They left Arkansas in a wagon train. The wagon train was headed to California. But however the wagon train never made it through Utah. They only made it to Mountain Meadows.
The Oregon Trail is one of the most famous of the pioneer trails and is the largest land migration in American history. Settlers from all across the country, men, woman, and children packed up their possesions and prepared for the 2,000 miles to Oregon. Many had dreams of riches and a better life. It's well documented the strugles and hardships they faced, but women in particular shared just as much hardship as men if not more.
John Henry Weber was born in 1779 in Altona near Hamburg. He migrated to America to get married to his wife. For 5 years the Rocky Mountain fur trade occupied his life. He journeyed to Bear Lake, Bear River, and Cache Valley.
The “mountain men” were a group of people that lived or explored on the frontier from about the early 1800’s to the early 1870’s. They were the toughest of the tough of the time living on the brink of life and death every day with life expectancies never exceeding more than 10 years after moving out to the wilderness. Some of them would either move out to the edge of where people had not brought infrastructure to the wilderness and build houses, work for the military as a scout to map and explore the wild so they could build bases or raid native villages, or living sometimes living in native villages learning their culture and language to help U.S.-Native relations. People like Hugh Glass who traveled cross country over 200 miles on his hands and feet and survived being mauled by a bear and abandoned by his partners, Jim Bridger who stayed with glass for a time, was one of the first of the white people to see yellowstone, John “grizzly” Adams who used the largest bear trap for the time to capture a live bear and later tame it and catch and train a variety of animals for local circuses are some of the