The Mortality Rate During The Voyages Of The Atlantic Slave Trade Varied

1624 Words Dec 4th, 2014 7 Pages
The mortality rate in the partaken voyages of the Atlantic slave trade varied immensely. The number of deaths of the captured African slaves changed depending on the year, the location of departure in Africa, the distance of the destination, and on exclusive circumstances of each voyage. While the treatment of slaves on the Middle Passage varied by ship, it was often horrific because captive Africans were considered less than human; they were cargo or goods, to be transported as cheaply and quickly as possible for trade. Brazil received the most slaves throughout the whole Atlantic Trade due to lucrative sugar production there. As the demand of sugar was rapidly expanding in the European markets, so was the request of slaves. Brazil acquired about 40% of all the Africans traded in the Atlantic slave trade; over three million slaves. However, the three million slaves in Brazil were only a percentage of the slaves captured to go to the Portugal colony. A significant number of captured Africans died in the middle passage to Brazil. An estimated 15% of the Africans died on the voyage itself however, many more died in the process of capturing and transporting Africans to the trading ports. There were several causes of death of the soon-to-be slaves; however the most common were starvation and dehydration, disease, and suffocation.
Starvation and dehydration in the middle passage to Brazil was the main cause of death among the captured African slaves. Few ship captains chose to…

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