The Most Significant Aspect of Roosevelt’s Presidency and New Deal up to 1941

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The Most Significant Aspect of Roosevelt’s Presidency and New Deal up to 1941

In this essay I am going to be assessing which was the most significant aspect of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Presidency, by looking at four different aspects of it, and then applying tests to each aspect. I will be looking into Roosevelt’s Economic Policies, Economic Ideas, Role of the Presidency and the Electoral performance of the Democratic party – and then, applying the following tests to them: Firstly, the ‘Amount of change,’ then the ‘Immediate effects,’ then the ‘Long term effects,’ and finally the ‘Effect of one aspect on another.’

Roosevelt’s economic ideas were clearly different to those of the
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A change like this had never been made before and Roosevelt faced some antagonistic Democrats who sided with the Republicans in voting down Roosevelt’s new laws. To cope with this dilemma, he made another change and introduced the Caucus System – whereby Democrats would meet outside Congress and decide on how they would vote. Pro-Roosevelt democrats would out vote the anti, and the decision was binding on all. The second major change made, was that Roosevelt increased the power of the Executive Branch, altering the balance of the three branches. Roosevelt took many more branches of Government under White House Control (e.g. the FBI), and massively increased the size of the White House staff. The third major change was that he became the first President to notably use the media as a way of communicating and advertising to the nation.

However, he did have one major failure. After announcing his New Deal Laws, The Supreme Court declared some of them unconstitutional, E.g. the NRA, and had a 6/5 majority win. So Roosevelt tried to change the rules and proposed to appoint new judges in the Supreme Court whenever a judge reached 70, instead of when a judge retired. Unfortunately, Congress (including the Democrats,) rejected this plan as a violation of constitution – it would turn the Role of the President into the role of Dictator. In the end, the only reason the New Deal’s could go ahead
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