The Mother of the Freedom Movement: The Montgomery Bus Boycott

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The Mother of the Freedom Movement In 1955, an African-American seamstress helped cause the civil rights movement in the United States, and her name was Rosa Parks. Rosa Parks was an African-American civil rights activist. Many know her by “the first lady of civil rights” or “the mother of the freedom movement.” Rosa Parks once said, “I’d see the bus pass everyday, but to me, that was a way of life; we had no choice but to accept what was the custom. The bus was among the first ways I realized there was a black world and a white world.” (The Story Behind The Bus) After she said this, she knew she had to take a stand against segregation and do everything in her power to change it. Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was born on February 4th, 1913…show more content…
She worked many jobs; some of them included being a seamstress and a secretary for the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People). On December 1, 1955, Mrs. Parks was exhausted after a tiring day of being a seamstress and Mrs. Parks up her mind to sit down on the bus for her ride home. During this time, the whites had 10 seats that no blacks could sit in. When Mrs. Parks got onto the bus, she sat directly behind where the 10th seat/row was. When a white passenger arrived onto the bus, the bus driver instructed her to move to the back since the law states that if a white passenger arrives onto the bus, the blacks have to get up and allow them to sit down in their seat if there is no more seats in the front. When the bus driver asked Mrs. Parks and other passengers to move, three other passengers moved, but Mrs. Parks remained seated. She argued that she was not in the seats that are reserved for the whites so she didn’t see a point for her to move. When she refused to move, James Blake, the bus driver, immediately called the police, and Officers Day and Mixon had her arrested. When Mrs. Parks left with the police and arrived at the police station, she was booked, fingerprinted, and incarcerated. She was also charged with “refusing to obey orders of a bus driver.” Her arrest became a meeting point, which began the African American

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