The Movement of Cardiac Rehabilitation into Your Home Essay

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Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. It has been customary to offer individuals center-based rehabilitation programs after a cardiac event to assist and prevent further cardiac deterioration. However, home-based cardiac rehabilitation has been presented in an effort to increase access and participation. Purpose. To determine the efficacy of home-based cardiac rehabilitation (HBCR) compared with center-based cardiac rehabilitation (CBCR). Methods. A literature search was conducted using CINAHL, Cochrane Systematic Database, and PubMed for articles evaluating home-based cardiac rehabilitation programs to center-based cardiac rehabilitation programs. Also, the reference…show more content…
It is a secondary prevention approach which targets modifiable risk factors to prevent future cardiovascular related complications, address any risk factors that can lead to further coronary heart disease, and promote healthy lifestyle changes. It involves a multidisciplinary team approach consisting of doctors, nurses, dietician, case managers, and psychologists. Some of the benefits that can be seen are decrease in morbidity and mortality, improved quality of life, exercise tolerance, lipid profiles, blood pressure management, as well as psychosocial wellbeing (Blair, Corrigall, Angus, Thompson, & Leslie, 2011). Background One of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States is cardiovascular disease (Healthy People, 2013). Currently, “there are more than 1 in 3 adults (81 million) who live with at least 1 or more types of cardiovascular disease” (Healthy People, 2013). Most patients with cardiovascular disease can reduce their risk of future heart problems if adjustments are made to their health. A few of the modifiable risk factors for heart disease are: high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol, diabetes, cigarette smoking, poor diet and physical inactivity, and overweight and obesity (Healthy People, 2013). Even though there is evidence that shows the

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