The Mughal Empire: Expansion and Art

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The Mughal Empire: Expansion and Art

India is a land of contrasts, combining cultures, languages and religions. A melting pot to Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism and countless others, India presents a canvas for the interplay of different artistic techniques. The different ruling factions in India have had an incredible impact on Indian visual arts. The Gupta Empire (considered India’s Renaissance in Hindu culture and widely regarded as India’s Golden Age), the Kushan Empire, the Mauryan Empire, the Aryan invasion and especially the Mughal Empire have all taken advantage of this cultural diffusion, and India’s art and architecture are both very different because of it. Originally home to the Indus Valley Civilization, India has come a long way, gaining its independence from the British colonial empire only recently, in 1947. Art has always been a crucial part of Indian culture as seen in the earliest artistic works of this country; the simplistic styles are very similar to those of the Ancient Near East as illustrated through the example below.
In Ancient India art became a representation of the sophistication of the people themselves. The Mohenjo-Daro Great Bath is a representative of a culture that was flourishing. Throughout history, monumental architecture has been created to glorify a civilization. The Great Bath, (pictured on the left) with its intricate detailing and post and lintel structure (to allow light to enter) is very similar to Sumerian

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