The Multiple Intelligences Theory Developed By Howard Gardner

1540 WordsMar 24, 20177 Pages
This research paper will unpack the multiple intelligences theory developed by Howard Gardner. According to Molly Zhou and David Brown, “Howard Gardner 's theory of Multiple Intelligences utilizes aspects of cognitive and developmental psychology, anthropology, and sociology to explain the human intellect” (Zhou & Brown, 2015). By touching on the life of Howard Gardner, exploring some of his achievements, and studying his theory as well as how it relates to the modern-day classroom, a better understanding of what teachers are up against will be reached. Biographical Background of (Theorist) As stated in the “about” section of his website, “Howard Gardner is [currently] the John H. and Elisabeth A. Hobbs Professor of Cognition and…show more content…
Howard Gardner’s theory challenged that by stating an “intelligence encompasses the ability to create and solve problems, create products or provide services that are valued within a culture or society” (Zhou & Brown, 2015). Next, Howard Gardner established a list of eight criteria for identifying what a true intelligence is. In the past, studies were done on individuals with brain injury, diseases, and psychological disorders. These studies helped determine what portions of the brain were responsible for which functions. Howard Gardner listed that “a true intelligence will have its function identified in a specific location in the human brain” (McKenzie). Also, unique individuals, like prodigies, show that, in rare instances, a human being can perform highly developed intelligences (McKenzie). In addition, “there is an identifiable set of procedures and practices which are unique to each true intelligence” (McKenzie). Just as humans have developmental stages in cognitive growth, a true intelligence must contain stages that individuals can climb that ultimately lead to an expert-like level (McKenzie). A true intelligence must also have its roots in the evolution of humanity (McKenzie). Another criteria; for or an intelligence to be considered true, it must be able to withstand psychological and
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