The Muscular Dystrophy Was First Discovered By Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne

888 WordsDec 8, 20154 Pages
Duchenne muscular dystrophy was first discovered by Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne in the 1860’s, but due to lack of medical knowledge little was known until the 1980’s. It was in 1986 that researchers that were supported by the MDA, muscular dystrophy association, identified the particular X-chromosome that leads to DMD, Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Dystrophin is the protein that is associated with the gene and was named in 1987.The DMD gene is the second largest gene to date, and it produces dystrophin.(Genome, 2013) Lack of the protein Dystrophin in the muscle cells causes them to weaken and become fragile. (MDA, 2015). DMD is an inherited disorder, but there are rare cases where it can spontaneously appear in a child with no previous family history due to a random mutation in moms X-chromosome. DMD is a gender specific disease that only appears in males. Females are carriers in their X-Chromosome and they have the chance of passing the disease on to their children, 50-50 to a girl and 50-50 to a boy. If the girl does receive the gene she becomes a carrier. If the boy gets the gene then he has the disease. Males do not pass on the gene to their children because they pass on the Y-chromosome and the disease is X specific. Some female carriers have indicators of being a carrier by having symptoms of cardiomyopathy, shortness of breath during exercise, and muscle weakness in the back, arms, and legs. There have been very rare instances where a girl has not received a

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