Annotated Bibliography Kousser, Rachel. "Creating the past: The Venus de Milo and the Hellenistic reception of classical Greece." American journal of archaeology (2005): 227-250.
Music in Ancient Greece was well integrated in their society, it played a large role in various ceremonies from marriages to funerals, as well as entertainment like plays or epic poetry. Although it is believed that music was invented in Africa over 55,000 years ago, music really began and took shape in Ancient Greece. Even the word music came from the Greek word muses who were believed to be the daughters of Zeus and were the patron Goddesses of creativity. There are many references to music in ancient Greece, from drawings on pottery of people playing, as well as literary works that even describe how the instruments sounded. Speaking of instruments, in addition to the voice being used as one, there are several instruments that are known to have existed in Ancient Greece, a few different string instruments including a lyre, a kithara (which is believed to be the ancient equivalent of a guitar), and a barbitos, which is a taller version of a lyre. They also had several wind type instruments including and aulos, pan pipes, a hydraulis (which eventually led to the modern day organ), as well as a salpinx, which was an ancient type of trumpet with a bone mouthpiece that was the origin of the many brass instruments that we know of today. Finally, we also know of several percussion instruments that were used by the ancient Greeks, these include a tympanum, which was like a tambourine, a crotala, and a koudounia. Music was actually one of the main teachings, along with gymnastics
A lucent crescent of the moon is seen on the top right hand corner of the painting where dramatic contours and fluidity of the brushworks are seen due to the Japonisme influences. Moreover, the eleven stars and the rolling hills are depicted moving to the momentum of the swirling sky.
As a prostitute relative to the gender roles of the nineteenth century, Olympia should be reserved and conforming to what a man wants, but her gaze reveals she has equal power in this pointedly sexual, even lascivious, situation. Olympia’s strong, unrelenting gaze into the viewer’s eyes asserts a dominance in her place, challenging the authority of men of the time to be the judge of a woman’s place. Her deliberate stare removes the deceptions men had of women. Instead of the man judging and sizing her up, Olympia is now the evaluator of the man’s worth and importance. This new perception that critics gleaned from Olympia resulted in horrible reviews and refusals. Another critic, Victor de Jankovitz, criticized that, “the expression of Olympia’s face is that of a being prematurely aged and vicious; the body’s putrefying color recalls the horror of the morgue,” (Bernheimer 256). Manet painted Meurent in the style of a still life from his perception, but Bernheimer’s harsh review expresses the refutal from the male society of Manet’s Olympia. The terrible responses to his painting upset Manet. However, some recognized Olympia as a masterpiece. A female critic, Emile Zola, remarked that “when other artists correct nature by painting Venus they lie. Manet asked himself why he should lie. Why not tell the truth?” (qtd. in Chris Jenks). Responses as such paved
This book report is an analysis of the Egyptian Love Poem [ My god, my Lotus…], from the book, The Norton Anthology of World Literature, Volume A. Egyptian Love Poems date back to 1300-1100 B.C.E., they were written on papyri, potsherd, and flakes of limestone. Papyri are a sheet-like material that was made out of pithy stems from a water plant. Which was used to write or paint on in the ancient Mediterranean world, potsherd is pieces of broken ceramic material. The lovers in Egyptian Love Poems are young and tend to be under parental supervision, half the poem is spoken by the girl and the other half by the boy. [ My god, my Lotus…] uses imagery to describe the desires of love and how different types of love function within modern societies. This poem displays different perspectives of love and the reality of how love is viewed in most civilizations. Readers will learn that love is not exclusive to men and women, and how different forms of love can lead them to overcoming life obstacles.
Gender inequality has been a controversial topic for numerous religions and cultures throughout history. Women were commonly regarded as the subservient gender, an idea that was no different in Ancient Greece. Throughout Greek mythology, women were considered inferior and troublesome symbols, while men were known for courage, leadership, and strength.
I will see what the artworks mean to me, and I will make my own interpretations as to why their art is this way. Moreover, I expect look at many of their varying art forms and see how the use of animals differs between them. This is because I believe different kinds of art are able to impact people in different ways, and have an implication that is unlike the other. I plan to analyze the assorted characteristics and traits of the various art forms the ancient Egyptians practiced to see similarities and differences, and consider in what way this influences the meaning of the works.
Chris Murray Ms. Reedy CP English 11 20 March 2017 Chapter 25.5 After Phoebe nearly spent three-fourths of her Christmas money on carousel rides, the ride was about to close because of all this damn rain. I mean, it wasn’t like it was a tornado or anything but—. Anyways, when the ride was over, all
I find it very useful if I summarize some of the contents of his book, because the position of art is the main theme of this book, he clams that the art gets its growth from both the Apollonian and Dionysian, he also clams that we owe to the Art goddess the Apollo and Dionysus with our knowledge, that there is a dramatic conflict in the Greek world when it comes to the roots and objectives among Apollonian art and the art of Dionysian, Both the Apollonian and the Dionysian are important in the creation of art. Without the Apollonian, the Dionysian lacks the form and structure to make a coherent piece of art, and without the Dionysian, the Apollonian lacks the necessary vitality and passion. Even though they are very opposed, but they are also intimately intertwined, They are taking a complete different directions at the same time they both go hand and hand together, they are somehow Retraction towards rectify more powerful roots which gives to their conflict a nature eternal paradox do not meet only when the term of art is
The sculpture Apollo and Daphne, created by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, is based off a story from Book 1 of Ovid's Metamorphoses. It is a portrayal of when Daphne is turned into a tree when trying to escape Apollo after they were both shot with an arrow by Eros. The sculpture is a powerful visual of Daphne and Apollo’s emotions as Daphne was captured by him. To evaluate the photo further I will discuss the feeling of empathy the sculpture made me feel and two connections the sculpture has to Ovid’s story.
Mary Wroth alludes to mythology in her sonnet “In This Strange Labyrinth” to describe a woman’s confused struggle with love. The speaker of the poem is a woman stuck in a labyrinth, alluding to the original myth of Theseus and the Minotaur. The suggestion that love is not perfect and in fact painful was a revolutionary thing for a woman to write about in the Renaissance. Wroth uses the poem’s title and its relation to the myth, symbolism and poem structure to communicate her message about the tortures of love.
In the myth of Pyramus and Thisbe, we find two lovers who stop at no means to express each other’s love. Yet through a series of unfortunate events the two lovers eventually took their lives out of the belief that the other had died. After re-evaluating the two lovers’ thought
While Gian Lorenzo Bernini’s sculpture “Apollo and Daphne” depicts a Romanian story of forbidden love, Ron Mueck’s “Two Women” portray two elderly women hyper-realistically. By analysing the meaning behind the two sculptures, evidence is given that the two artists had different intentions for their work. The story “Apollo and Daphne” is from a roman poem named “Metamorphoses” by a man named Ovid. In the story, Apollo is hit by a magical arrow from a god of
Imitative Art A Comparison of the Philosophies of Plato & Aristotle And the Ultimate Beneficial Nature of the Tragic Drama By: Stephanie Cimino In the various discussions of imitative art there has been a notable disagreement between two distinguished philosophers; Plato and Aristotle. Although it was Plato who first discussed the concept of imitative art, it is my belief that Aristotle was justified in his praise and admiration of imitative art, specifically, the tragic drama. In my discussion on the two philosophers’ dissertations I will begin with the ideas of Plato and his position and requirements for imitative art and its respected uses, after which I will discuss the ideas of Aristotle to show that the tragic
Alcestis is a myth that is "the most touching of all the Greek dramas to a modern audience" (Lind 213). It is a tragicomedy by the playwright Euripides and it centers on the king and queen of Thessalia. Admetus, the king, has been fated to die yet, due to