The Mystery Of Deep Ocean Ecosystems

973 WordsJan 23, 20164 Pages
“The sea is everything. It covers seven tenths of the terrestrial globe. Its breath is pure and healthy…The sea is only the embodiment of a supernatural and wonderful existence. It is nothing but love and emotion; it is the Living Infinite,” wrote Jules Verne in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea. The irony is striking; we rely heavily on oceans, the iconic feature of our planet, yet more than ninety-five percent of the ocean depths remain unexplored. The disparity between our dependence on the ocean and the attention it receives is marked and it is imperative that deep ocean exploration is addressed in the scientific community. The depths of oceans, the lifeblood of humanity, hold a treasure trove of secrets waiting to be found.…show more content…
They became the first people to lay eyes upon Earth’s most extreme ecosystem. No one had returned to that point since, until a few years ago when film director James Cameron voyaged and revealed a few secrets of the deep ocean. For example, scientists were able to isolate a potential Alzheimer’s drug from the amphipods that were collected on the voyage. This compound, scyllo-inositol, has shown to degrade beta amyloid plaques associated with the disease. Discoveries like this illustrate the fact that what we know about the ocean and its potential applications is just the tip of the iceberg. Deep ocean biodiversity is remarkable, as recent expeditions have found never before seen species and organisms living in places where life was not expected. With just cursory exploration of the ocean depths, a late-stage breast cancer drug has been developed from a Japanese black sponge and a natural antibiotic has been harvested from an organism that lives on hot vents deep underneath the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. With further research, we can hope to seek meaningful solutions to the many scourges of humanity. The oceans’ deepest places are crawling with microbes. These single-celled creatures could provide insight on everything from the origins of life to cures for diseases. Cameron’s
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