The Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice: Contributing Factors of C

1175 WordsOct 18, 19995 Pages
The Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice: Contributing Factors Of Crime Crime is defined as: commission of an act or act of omission that violates the law and is punishable by the state. Crimes are considered injurious to society and the community. As defined by law, a crime includes both the act, or actus rea, and the intent to commit the act, or mens rea. Criminal intent involves an intellectual apprehension of factual elements of the act or acts commanded or enjoined by the law. It is usually inferred from the apparently voluntary commission of an overt act. Criminal liability is relieved in the case of insanity. Legal minors are also relieved of criminal liability, as are persons subjected to coercion or duress to such a…show more content…
Chapter 2 also makes reference to race and crime. There has been wide speculation that most crimes as committed by minorities against whites in the United States. However, the Bureau of Justice Statistics has documented several crimes that make this assumption void. For example, seventy-five percent of white crime victims are victimized by whites, and eighty-five percent of black victims are victimized by blacks. This is contrary to the popular coverage that most media gives Americans. The authors note that most crime covered by Americans tabloids show such crimes as young African American men shooting white tourists at rest stops, gang attacks on innocent civilians in the cities, and attacks against minority youth appeal. All in all, the victims are the same race as the offenders in 80% of all violent crimes. The last topic discussed in The Mythology of Crime and Criminal Justice is crime and perception. When most people are asked to imagine a crime, they tend to think of violent crime (i.e., murder, arson, robbery). One must realize that shoplifting, slander, even jaywalking is considered a crime in the

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