The National Curriculum For Primary Education

2946 Words Oct 9th, 2014 12 Pages
Why does England have a National Curriculum for primary education? To what extent does the National Curriculum 2014 for English, mathematics or science reflect current theories of teaching and learning?
The National Curriculum prescribes what should be taught in both primary and secondary state schools and is set out by the Department of Education. It and when. It is organised into four blocks called ‘Key Stages’, with KS1 and KS2 in primary schools (Department for Education, 2013). There are twelve subjects, classified in to ‘core’ and ‘other foundation’ subjects, each set out in a programme of study. The programmes of study also contain ‘attainment targets’ for each subject (House of Commons, 2009). Unlike other countries the National Curriculum in England does not necessarily apply in independent schools, academies or to those educated at home (House of Commons, 2009).
Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher introduced the plan for a National Curriculum in her speech to Conservative Party Conference in 1987 (Moon, 2013). The initiative for the NC came from the 1944 Education Act and the two main aims were:
“To promote the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils” and
“To prepare pupils for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of adult life” (House of Commons, 2009)
Based on these, a consultation document, The National Curriculum, 5- 16 was issued by the Department for Education and Science that set out four broad purposes. The…
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