The National Missile Defense System is the First Step to Another Cold War and the United States Should Not Do It

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The National Missile Defense System is the First Step to Another Cold War and the United States Should Not Do It

As we begin the twenty-first century, an increasing number of states around the world are acquiring nuclear capabilities. The sense of insecurity by individual governments is driving many states into developing and testing ballistic missiles. In the mean time, the United States finds itself in a position to develop new technology that will protect themselves against these potential missile strikes. The development of a national anti-ballistic missile defense system has sparked many controversies around the United States. Advocates of the system argue that it is only a defensive measure, but they fail to see the
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(Beard)
Disturbed by the Rumsfeld report, Capital Hill responded immediately by passing two bills. The first bill known as S. 257 stated, "It is the policy of the United States to deploy as soon as is technologically possible an effective National Missile Defense system capable of defending the territory of United States against limited ballistic missile attack". The S.257 was followed by a second bill named H.R. 4 passed in March of 1999 that stated, "It is the policy of the United States to deploy a national missile defense." (Policy.com)
The proposal of the National Missile Defense System by Capitol Hill is a clear example of the international security dilemma, where the United States' desire to become more secure compromises other states' security. By setting up a missile defense to escape the power of other states, this will only create insecurity in the international arena that will prompt other states to react with their own missile defense system. This dynamia can also be seen through the prisoner's dilemma diagram (Figure 1). The United States fears for the worst possibility so it arms itself to increase its protection. It does not trust the other players in the international community and does not want to