The National Park Is One Of The Most Well Known National Parks

1550 Words Nov 15th, 2014 7 Pages
Yosemite National Park is one of the most well known national parks in the United States. It is especially famous for its beautifully inspiring scenery. Yosemite expands 748,542 acres and is located on the western slope of the Sierra Nevada. The elevation of the park ranges from 2,127 to 13,114 feet (Bortman, p. 1546). The closest town is Mariposa with neighboring counties including Madera and Fresno. Today, 3.5 million people visit Yosemite annually (“History & Culture – Yosemite National Park (U.S. National Park Service)”). With the attraction of millions of tourists, the national park has been designated inalienable for all time. The creation of Yosemite dates back to the Precambrian era. The region of what is now Yosemite sat between …show more content…
National Park Service)”). Surrounding tribes, such as the Paiute, Mono, and Miwoks, inhabited their respective places in Yosemite and occasionally met for trade reasons. The indigenous population of Yosemite Valley encountered changes in their lives when the first non-natives visited the Sierra Nevada. The Gold Rush sent thousands of miners, forty-niners, to Yosemite (Spence, p. 28). With the arrival of the miners, competition for resources grew among the natives and the newcomers. This competition sparked frustration among the indigenous population. The natives accidentally initiated the Mariposa War that lasted from December 1850 to June 1851. They made the mistake of raiding United States Army Major Jim Savage’s trading posts located on the Merced and Fresno rivers (Crampton and Eccleston, p. 92). Major Jim Savage would capture Chief Tenaya and his Ahwahneechee burn their village. The natives were forcefully relocated to a reservation but would later be allowed to return to Yosemite Valley. Soon after the Mariposa War, Yosemite would become a popular tourist destination. In 1851, Entrepreneur James Mason Hutchings and artist Thomas Ayres were among the first tourists to arrive to Yosemite Valley (Harris, p. 326). The writing and artistic accounts of the Valley by Hutchings and Ayres would increase tourism. The early popularity of the park pressured Congress to designate Yosemite Valley

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