The National Plan Of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS)

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With the rapid growth of commercial air travel in the 1970s, the FAA recognized that the nation’s airports contributed significantly to the national economy and international commerce, as well as being a critical mode of transport for the public. Airports needed funding to improve safety and maintain airport infrastructure such as runways, taxiways, NAVAIDS, and land acquisition. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) formed the National Airport System Plan (NASP) to ensure these significant airports received Federal grants to make these improvements. The FAA revised the NASP with the Airport and Airway Improvement Act of 1982 and called the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS) to reflect the further expansion.
The current
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MEM opened in the 1920s southeast of downtown Memphis. American and Chicago and Southern Airlines operated from grass strips surrounded by farmland. Grass strips eventually gave way to concrete and farm hangars gave way to a proper terminal. When Delta bought Northwest in 2008, Delta began pulling flights out of Memphis. Passenger traffic that was once averaging 10 to 11 million passengers a year in 2008, dropped to 3.5 million in 2014 (Statistics, 2015).
FedEx’s super-hub is located at Memphis International, making it the busiest cargo airport in the United States and second only to China worldwide. FedEx operates approximately 652 aircraft. Each night, approximately 140 FedEx aircraft arrive and depart Memphis en route to 375 airports in 220 countries (About FedEx, n.d.).
The Memphis and Shelby County Airport Authority governs the Memphis International Airport as well as reliever airports Charles Baker and General DeWitt Spain Airports. Members of the Board of Directors serve seven year terms. The Memphis Mayor appoints five members of the board, while the Shelby County Mayor nominates
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The US Navy operated the airfield as Naval Air Station Millington until 1993 when the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) commission closed it and transferred the airport and 2,000 acres of adjacent land to the City of Millington. That same BRAC decision also moved the Navy’s aviation technical schools (“A” and “C” schools) from Millington to Pensacola, FL. The airport currently has 54 aircraft based on the field and averages 76 aircraft operations a day. It serves as FedEx’s emergency alternate due to its close proximity to their super-hub at the Memphis International Airport (Millington Regional Airport, 2015).
To avoid congestion and operating conflicts between large commercial aircraft and small GA aircraft, the FAA has designated some airports near major airports as reliever airports. Several of these high-capacity GA airports may serve a major metropolitan area providing access to the surrounding areas without experiencing delays at busier commercial airports. The NPIAS defines Reliever Airports as having at least 100 aircraft based at the airport or have 25,000 annual itinerant operations (Young,
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