The Natural Communication Between Family Members Of Bilingual Children

1979 Words Oct 23rd, 2016 8 Pages
The children who learns dual language can receive various advantage. Languages define identities and cultures that supports self-esteem, which links to children’s social and emotional development (Kearns, 2014). The natural communication between family members of bilingual child allows the child to access to the family’s heritage language, enable them to discover their native culture knowledge, and offer smooth language communications to connect to wider community (Kearns, 2014; Place & Hoff, 2011). To ensure child preserved family’s heritage language completely, it is crucial for the child to hear the language constantly during the critical (sensitive) periods, which is before eight month of age, as children are most sensitive to differentiate the sounds of languages at that period (Peterson, 2015). After the critical period, child will only focus with the sound that associate with their environment that they constantly expose to, and will post difficulties to distinguish the languages with similar sound (Peterson, 2015).

Bilingualism can also receive cognitive benefit. There are researches have shown that bilingualism is associated with cognitive advantages (Bialystok, 2007; Kovacs & Mehler, 2009). Bilingual children are more advance to meta-linguistic awareness, which is the ability to understand the structure and nature of language (Peterson, 2015). Studies have revealed that expose in bilingual environment and hearing a language from multiple speakers are beneficial…
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