The Nature And Organization Of Corporate Environmental Crime

961 WordsMay 10, 20154 Pages
INTRODCTION Part I of this essay examines the nature and organisation of corporate environmental crime. Part II explores the offenders of corporate environmental crime. Part III determines the risk factors for corporate offending. Finally, Part IV analyses environmental regulations. I. NATURE AND ORGANISATION Corporate environmental crime constitutes an important part of white-collar crime. The notion ‘white collar crime’ was introduced by Edwin Sutherland and refers to a crime ‘committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation’. The delinquent activity specific to this term includes environmental pollution. Sutherland opines that people of high status are able to commit crimes because of the opportunities presented by the affluent positions they hold. However, as his empirical argument derives from data about the violations of law by the 70 largest American corporations, the differences between individual and corporate white-collar crime is not clear. As a result, this led to the widely accepted distinction between occupational and corporate white-collar crime. Occupational crime refers to personal violations that take place for self-benefit during work in a legitimate occupation, whereas corporate crime is committed by employees on the job, not principally for personal gain but on behalf of their corporation on business. In other words, corporate crimes are ‘actions by corporate persons that create avoidable harms to
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