The Nature Of Hofstede 's Cultural Framework And Comparing It With Other Culture Frameworks

1484 Words Sep 23rd, 2014 6 Pages
Essay
Introduction
This essay will first discuss the nature of Hofstede’s cultural framework and compare it with other culture frameworks. In the second part my personal score for each of the Hofstede’s cultural dimensions will be presented, followed by discussion on how my individual scores relate to the benchmarks suggested by Hofstede for my cultural background. The third section will address the issue of cross-cultural management and give suggestion to an Australian friend who is going to work as a manager in Shanghai.
Discussion of cultural frameworks
During the year from 1967 to 1973, Hofstede (1983) conducted surveys on more than 117,000 IBM employees in 40 different countries. He analysed the survey data and identified four cultural dimensions as ‘power distance’, ‘uncertainty avoidance’, ‘individualism’, and ‘masculinity’ (Drogendijk and Slangen 2006). Bond (1988) added the fifth dimension ‘long-term orientation’ in 1991. Power distance (PID) values the acceptance of different status and unequal distribution of power (Drogendijk and Slangen 2006). Uncertainty avoidance (UAI) measures how members of a society accept, defend against or minimize future uncertainties (Harvey 1997). Individualism (IDV) is the extent to which a society evaluates the role of the individual as opposed to that of the group (Drogendijk and Slangen 2006). Masculinity (MAS) refers to how a society emphasizes the achievements and success (Drogendijk and Slangen 2006). Long-term orientation…
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