The Nature Of Hofstede 's Cultural Framework And Highlights Similarities And Differences With Globe

Decent Essays
This essay is divided into several parts with different objectives. First part discusses the nature of Hofstede’s cultural framework and highlights similarities and differences with GLOBE study. Second part of the essay equates author’s scores for each of Hofstede’s cultural dimension with national benchmark of Lithuania. Last part focuses on potential problems an individual with strong Australian background might need to deal with while working at company in Shanghai.
Discussion of cultural frameworks
Hofstede defines culture as 'the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one human group from another '”. (Kirkman, Lowe &Gibson, 2006, p. 286). He started his research in the 1960’s, by examining the concept of culture within one of the largest multinational companies in the world – IBM. Thousands of interviews were held across 66 countries, although results were only used from only 40. As a result of his investigation, four dimensions of culture were identified: individualism-collectivism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance and masculinity-femininity. Years later Hofstede and Bond added another dimension, long-term orientation. (Hofstede and Bond 1988). First dimension, power distance is defined as the extent of willingness that societies accept the hierarchical power structure (Morrison 2006). Cultures, which are considered low power distance, tend to have preferences towards equality and decentralization of terms of power and
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