The Nature Of Human Beings By Niccolo Machiavelli 's The Prince, And Thomas Hobbes ' Leviathan

1450 WordsApr 25, 20156 Pages
Reason has been argued to be the essence of humans; however, humans are not the only rational beings to inhabit Earth. The nature of human beings tales far beyond rationality to characteristics such as emotion or pity. For example, if a man bears witness to a bull ferociously attacking another man, feelings of empathy, sympathy, and even pity quickly fill his mind. Thus, emphasizing that reason is not the sole essence of human beings. Humans are animals, and yes, they are rational beings. However, this does not give us the right to disregard emotional feelings that fall beyond rationality and other animals do not share the same qualities. René Descartes’ Meditations on First Philosophy, Niccoló Machiavelli’s The Prince, and Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan, support this ideology that the depth of human beings fall beyond reason, solidifying that emotions are also a foundation to human existence. Thomas Hobbes adds significant insight to the claim that human existence stretches beyond the voice of reason and speaks to the emotional attributes of the human mind. Hobbes argues that emotion is a part of the foundation to humans existence, whether it be feelings of empathy, fear, or hope. He relates this to a state of nature in which humans are in “continual fear and danger of violent death” (Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan, 58). The state of human nature is embodied by a constant fear of death. Without laws or a structured society, humans turn to their state of nature and become savages.

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