The Nature of Criminal Persistence by Females

861 Words3 Pages
Introduction and Theoretical Frameworks The research considers the nature of criminal persistence by females from feminist, life course, and traditional criminal perspectives and examines two trajectories of criminal behavior: (1) Increasing rates of offending females, with offenses committed by females occurring at lower rates than for their male counterparts; and (2) Reported rates of sexual abuse occurring two to three times more often for female offenders than rates for the general population. The literature has increasingly identified and described female offenders in terms of discrete groups, and theories regarding both state dependence and population heterogeneity have been put forth. The current research examines whether state dependence from prior events (such as sexual abuse or other adverse life experiences) or behavior (being involved in criminal activity) have the capacity to alter an individual such that future outcomes are impacted. The population heterogeneity interpretation is based on a belief in the existence of a time stable antisocial trait. The hypothesis of the research under discussion is that a difference in the contribution of both state dependence and population heterogeneity will be evident between persistent offenders and late onset offenders. Behavior Types At the time this research was published, debates about the number of discrete offender patterns ranged from two groups to five groups. There is common agreement that offenders could
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