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The Nazi Party: The Holocaust In A Nutshell

Decent Essays
Love Douglas
December 28, 2015

The Holocaust in a Nutshell
The Nazi party which was once called the German Workers’ Party was founded by Anton Drexler, in 1919. With only seventeen members in May and thirty-eight in August the main concept of the parties meetings was to discuss nationalism, and racism which was mostly towards Jews. Adolf Hitler gained power because of his energy and oratorical skills, January 30, 1933. He then reassigned all the positions on the party board and changed the party's name to the National Socialist German Workers’ Party. With Hitler's’ oratorical skills the party grew from thirty-eight to one hundred eighty thousand. Many of the members of the organization were veterans, workers, and unemployed citizens who felt
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At this meeting, known as the Wannsee Conference, the Nazi officials agreed to SS plans for the transport and destruction of all 11 million Jews which lived in Europe. The Nazis would use the latest in twentieth century technology, cost efficient engineering and mass production techniques for the sole purpose of killing off the following racial groups: Jews, Russian prisoners of war, and Gypsies. Top of the line technology? Yes, the Nazis were dedicated. So starting early in 1942, the Jewish genocide was in full swing. Auschwitz, Treblinka, Belzec, and Sobibór were the first to start operating as death camps. There was no selection process; Jews were killed on sight. Those who attempted to rescue Jews and others from the Nazi death sentence did so at great risk to their own safety. Anyone found harboring a Jew, for example, was shot or publicly hanged as a warning to others. Despite the risks, thousands followed the dictates of conscience. In Denmark, 7,220 of its 8,000 Jews were saved by a citizenry who hid them, then ferried them to the safety of neutral…show more content…
Auschwitz continued to operate through the summer of 1944. The Nazis began dismantling the camps, hoping to cover up their crimes. By the late winter/early spring of 1945, they sent prisoners walking to camps in central Germany. Thousands died in what became known as death marches. As Allied troops entered Nazi-occupied territories, the final rescue and liberation transpired. Allied troops who stumbled upon the concentration camps were shocked at what they found. Large ditches filled with bodies, rooms of baby shoes, and gas chambers with fingernail marks on the walls all testified to Nazi brutality. General Eisenhower insisted on photographing and documenting the horror so that future generations would not ignore history and repeat its mistakes. He also forced villagers neighboring the death and concentration camps to view what had occurred in their own backyards. Beginning in the summer of 1945, a series of high-level visitors examined the DP camps. Visitors included Earl G. Harrison, President Truman's envoy; David Ben-Gurion, future Prime Minister of Israel; and the Anglo-American Commission of Inquiry. Harrison wrote, "We appear to be treating the Jews as the Nazis treated them, except that we don't exterminate them."
Reports by these influential visitors resulted in improved living conditions in the DP camps. Jewish DPs were recognized as a special ethnic group, with their own needs, and were moved to separate
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