Essay about The Need for Some Restriction on Uranium Mining in Australia

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Uranium is a common naturally occurring radioactive element in the earth's crust. It was initially used to coloring glass or ceramic glaze (M. Eisenbud & T. Gesell 1963: 319), whereas it became the nuclear fuel used in nuclear reactors and atomic bomb until 1939 when O. Hahn and F. Strassmann discovered the nuclear fission of uranium, and its released tremendous energy can be used for generate electricity or as a weapon. Even there occurred such a speech, 'who owns the uranium could be the world' (T. Zoellner 2009). Therefore, the world has entered a uranium mining boom. Meantime, it also has given rise to people's discussions whether the uranium mining should be on a large scale without restrictions. Some people believe that uranium…show more content…
In the first place, uranium mining could produce huge economic benefits to Australia. Worldwide uranium resources are mainly distributed in the United States, Canada, South Africa, South-West Africa, Australia and other countries and regions. The uranium reserves of Australia accounting for 23% of total are the world's largest, and the producing from mines of Australia are occupied 19.2 percent roughly of the world's uranium, just followed Canada. In the period 2008-2009, Australia generate over A$ 1 billion of export revenue by producing more than 10,000 tons of uranium oxide (NOVA science in the news 2009). Therefore, the uranium mining is considered as an important industry in Australia export. In the second place, uranium mining may ease the air pollution to some extent. The worldwide uranium mining is mostly used in nuclear power station, which is unlikely to coal-fired power stations that generate carbon dioxide and atmospheric pollution. It could cut down 4.0 million tons of carbon dioxide if coals are replaced by uranium, which is such a huge amount to lead to the greenhouse effect (NOVA science in the news 2009). Hence, it could alleviate the environmental crisis by reduce the emission of carbon dioxide. However, these advantages are weaker than its disadvantages, because uranium mining could have negative impacts on human health, political and social issues. Firstly, uranium mining
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