During the bombing of Hiroshima, casualty rates among medical personnel were in the range between 80 to 93 percent. Injuries resulting from the bombing often went untreated, and the survivors did not receive health care for some time. The book Hiroshima discusses this issue in great length, specifically why they were not given the necessary aid. The government of Hiroshima played a major role in this.
his led to the melting of the fuel and a drastic increase in radioactivity within the reactor coolant.This also resulted in leaks in the coolant system, which led to small amounts of radiation escaping into the environment.
About an hour-and-a-half later a gritty, snow-like substance began raining down on a Japanese fishing vessel called the Lucky Dragon that was about 80 miles east of Bikini. When the 23 fishermen returned to port two weeks later they were all suffering severe radiation sickness and their radio operator later died. In 1955, the United States paid two million dollars as restitution for damage to the Lucky Dragon, its 23 members and its cargo after negotiations with Japanese officials. Marshall Islanders were also exposed to the fallout considering that a few hours after the explosion, radioactive fallout began to drop on the people, into the drinking water, on the food, and into the hands of children who were playing with it.(10) As of December 31, 1997, $63,127,000 has been awarded to or on behalf of 1,549 people of the Marshall Islands, with personal injury claims and several class action suits pending.(11)
After the bomb was dropped many people had developed serious health issues, many not knowing they had any. Father Wilhelm Kleinsorge, a German priest, had to have repeated visits to the hospital, to be treated for medical symptoms commonly found in the A-bomb survivors. “Back in the hospital in Tokyo for the second time, Father Kleinsorge was suffering from fever, diarrhea, wounds that would not heal, wildly fluctuating blood counts, and utter exhaustion. For the rest of his life, he was to be a classic case history of… borderline form of A-bomb sickness… many of which turned up in hibakusha…” (Hersey, 110). A few years after the atom bomb was dropped many survivors, commonly called hibakusha, meaning explosion-affected persons, had to make many trips to the hospital because the United States dropped the atom bomb. Dr. Fujii, a physician who has a private hospital, planned to have a gathering on New Year’s Day with his family, but never showed up. “At half past eleven, Dr. Fujii had not appeared, and
On March 14, 2011, Anne Applebaum created an account of the events that had occurred earlier that day in Japan. She recalled the shattering earthquake that followed a tsunami and destroyed towns such as Rikuzentakata, a town of 25,000 people (Applebaum 229). The earthquake also agitated Fukushima Daiichi, one of Japan’s nuclear power complexes. Unfortunately, all three reactors lost their ability to cool the steaming water and had to be flooded. The seawater effectively destroyed the plant before more explosions occurred. As a result, radioactive steam had to be released. Applebaum glorified the Japanese in their “technological brilliance” and their ability to cope in extreme circumstances (Applebaum 230). Although the regulations are strict
On August 6, 1945, the first atomic bomb is used in war on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, followed by Nagasaki on August 6, 1945 (Findlay & Hevly, 2011, p. XI). Both atomic bombs were fueled by the plutonium from the Manhattan Project. Death counts from Hiroshima ranged from 99,000 to 166,000, and 60,000 to 80,000 for Nagasaki from the debris, blast, heat, and radiation (Listwa, 2012). However, these counts did not factor in the rescue workers who entered the areas breathing in radioactive dust, nor had appropriate clothing and radiation gamma readers like present day to view levels of radiation. Between the United States and the Japanese government research and continued healthcare are conducted by the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. This foundation estimates that after the bombings between the second and sixth year there was an increase in leukemia cases, especially children (Listwa, 2012). Research continues to follow leukemia incidences, cancer in registries, and children of the survivors.
Testing the bomb in the Bikini Atoll causes to destroys the Bikinians environment. The United States (US) bomb Bikini Atoll because the problem is that many bikinians has been living there for a very long time. Not just because of this, but also, the US wanted to end all World Wars. They asked all bikinians to move out of the island or they will get kill. They did follow the order, since US is giving them a chance to go. Bikinians moved elsewhere, they moved to Rongerik Atoll. This place is better than the Bikini Atoll because the US won’t do any bomb testing in them. There were a couple of problems though. The, island was about ⅙ the size of Bikini Atoll, the place was uninhabited with evil spirits, and was not enough food and water for everyone. Within months, the starvation grows. They moved out again because this is not turning out great. In MArch 1948, they moved to Kwajalein Atoll. This was also a bad place because they live in tents
In August of 1945 the U.S used a massive atomic bomb against the people of Hiroshima, Japan. The atomic bomb that was used was identical to the equivalent of 20,000 rounds of TNT (Rosenburg, 2015). As you can imagine the bomb caused massive destruction and ended with the deaths of many people. It wiped out the city of Hiroshima, flattening it and ruining many of the things that once resided there. At that time, the Japanese were trying to cope with the loss of many family members and the loss of their beautiful city. All felt lost especially when the U.S. came back with another bomb that this time struck on the city of Nagasaki. The reason for the atomic bomb was to hopefully end the war between the U.S. and the Japanese. Soon after
The ancestral Bikini islands has never been the same since the bombing from July 1, 1946 - July 22, 1958. Before the bombing, everyone who lived on Bikini were told to move temporarily due to the U.S. needing to test their atomic bombs, which they said that it would be “good for mankind and it would end all wars”(Mathiesen). During World War II, the Bikini Atoll was under constant threat by the Japanese soldiers who occupied the land. However, the American forces attack the island resulting into defeating the Japanese soldiers, freeing the island from intimidation. Although the American forces had given them freedom, the people of Bikini became confused, thankful, however cautious for something they would need would come about. When the U.S.
Early in the morning of April 27, 1986, the world experienced its largest nuclear disaster ever (Gould 40). While violating safety protocol during a test, Reactor 4 at the Chernobyl power plant was placed in a severely unstable state, and in a matter of seconds the reactor output shot up to 120 times the rated output (Flavin 8). The resulting steam explosion tossed aside the reactor’s 1,000 ton concrete covering and released radioactive particles up to one and a half miles into the sky (Gould 38). The explosion and resulting fires caused 31 immediate deaths and over a thousand injuries, including radiation poisoning (Flavin 5). After the
From the Japanese standpoint, their destiny began with two planes (pika) and an extraordinary sound (don). This great massacre killed millions but for those who survived, it left a traumatizing memory.9 “The foremost characteristic of the physical damages caused by the Nagasaki atomic bombing was the tremendous, instantaneous destruction wreaked by the blast wind and the subsequent fires”.10 According to researchers, it is claimed to be that the Japanese suffer from historical amnesia. They find it ultimately impossible to confront their past that would in turn bring back their horrifying memories caused by the atomic bomb.11 The Japanese are trying to come to some kind of understanding as to why the Americans allowed this bombing to occur. Some think it is nothing less than a war crime. The truth of the matter is that the bomb
The earthquake made the nuclear leak, and the nuclear leak not only affected the human activities, but also affected the environment as well. The nuclear radiation affects the soil and the sea around the station. Many fish died and the sea was polluted.
This fear was evident in the science fiction films made in that decade. The Japanese, who had already suffered the most from the atomic fallout, were foremost in delivering this terror on film. Godzilla was the result of the American atomic ability. Godzilla wreaked havoc on Tokyo and Japanese citizens. Godzilla can be seen as a metaphor for the horrors the Japanese people endured and was a way to face their fears in the safety of a movie theater.