The Negative Effects Of Perfectionism During Adolescence

1149 Words5 Pages
According to Luo, Wang, Zhang, Chen, & Quan. (2016), “Perfectionism is a personality trait characterized by striving for flawlessness and setting excessively high standards for performance...” Perfectionism has been a personality trait that can be found among children going through adolescence as they endure the process of puberty. Perfectionism has been shown to have a correlation of stress among gifted children (Guignard, Jacquet, Lubart, 2012) and a correlation with depression in adulthood (Steiger, Allemand, Robins, Fend, & King, 2014). Perfectionism as a personality trait during adolescence has shown these negative effects, which can further negatively impact them as they grow into their adolescent stage. Stress and depression are two of the main effects of perfectionism during adolescence. The belief of how and who is behind the cause of perfectionism becoming common among children during adolescence is an issue that is addressed with the learning theory. Slades and Owens (1998) proposed a dual process model that portrays on how perfectionism first influences an individual’s need for self-appraisal. The child’s need for self-appraisal can create stress to the point where it causes one of the three dimensions associated with school burnout. According to Kiuru, Aunola, Nurmi, Leskinen, & Salmela-Aro, (2008); Salmela-Aro et al., 2009; Tuominen-Soini & Salmela-Aro, (2014), the three dimensions include “exhaustion at school, cynicism toward the meaning of school, and
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