The Negative Effects Of School Uniforms

757 WordsNov 9, 20174 Pages
School uniform is one of the subjects that its effects on student still not clear. Each state, in the United States, has its own policy about the school uniform. In 1996, Former president Clinton and the Department of Education induced schools to approve uniforms (Mitchell, 1996). After several years, many public schools start to ask their students to wear the uniform. In the past, the uniform polices was only for the private schools. There were several arguments about the benefit of uniforms. For example, one of argument is the students’ safety. It said that the uniform decreases the fights and it can help in differentiate the stranger who coming to school from the student. Another argument is about the students’ achievements. This argument said that the uniform increases the achievement of the student by increasing the attendance rate. However, some point of views was opposite the school uniforms. The reasons of opposition are about the financing situation and the actual effects of the uniform on the students. It suggests that uniform will affect by increasing the payment on the low-income people. Also, it suggests that there is no evidence that the uniform can improve the achievement of the students. (Brunsma, 1998) The actual concern of this research is question whether school uniform improve student achievement and behavior for male students from age 7 to 17. To sufficiently answer this question, this paper will attempt to gain researchers viewpoint of the following concepts. Literature Review: Student achievement: The first article, by David Brunsma and Kerry A. Rockquemore (1998), studied the effects of the school uniforms on attendance, behavior and academic achievement. They took the data from the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988. They wanted to see the relationship between the school uniforms and attendance, behavior and academic achievement. They selected students who were in the 8th grade. However, they did some changes in order to adjust the number of the data that used in the analysis. They did that because many sampling were from specific minority groups in the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988. They selected they students who participated in their
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