The Negative Effects of Tourism

3593 Words Feb 2nd, 2006 15 Pages
THE NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF TOURISM on the ECOLOGY of JAMAICA

by
Elaina Kozyr

BLPR 101.51

Introduction

Tourism and the environment have a very complex and interdependent relationship. Today, tourism is one of the largest industries in today's world economy and is a great source of foreign exchange for many developing countries, whose major assets are their natural resources.1 At the same time, it is the environmental quality of a place that will determine the success of the tourism industry, since it is the main attraction for tourists. There have been a lot of arguments about whether tourism is beneficial or harmful to the environment. A lot of the developing countries whose main source of foreign exchange is tourism
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Pollution: The Effects of Increasing Population and Consumption

Recently, a lot of researchers have been paying attention at how the island has been stressed by heavy population load. The island's visiting population has more than tripled in twenty years — now equal to almost half the size of its native, resident population. Although the impact is rather different if the transient population increases at this rate than if the permanent population does, an increase in the tourist population of this magnitude poses very similar challenges and problems as any other kind of population increase.4

In addition to the increasing number of tourists, the migration of native people in search of jobs drawn bytourism growth has led people to live in environmentally vulnerable locations. Such areas are already exposed to unfavorable conditions, and more pressure caused by constant overuse of these territories by people makes it more damaging to the island and its inhabitants.

The heavy flow of tourists is also related to the pollution of the environment. Ordinary things that we usually don't dwell on very much can have severe consequences on such a small island as Jamaica. The use of airplanes to transport people to and from the island, growing number of vehicles contribute to pollution. This is a serious threat to an island of such proportions, the areas available to people are
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