The Negative Impacts Of Ocean Pollution

Decent Essays
I. What is Ocean pollution and what causes it? A. Ocean pollution, also known as Marine pollution is the negative effects caused by chemicals, industrial, agricultural, or residence waste, entering the ocean. 1. Eighty percent of pollution to the marine environment comes from the land
a. One of the biggest sources of is called nonpoint source pollution. (US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2008)
b. Nonpoint source pollution entails many small sources like septic tanks, cars, trucks and bigger sources like, farms, ranches and forest areas. (US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 2008) 2. Pollution isn’t always physical either.
a. In large bodies of water, sound waves can carry undiminished for miles, common sources of noise pollution come from ships, sonar devices or even earthquakes. (1)
b. The increased presence of loud or persistent noise can disrupt the migration, reproduction patterns, and communication in many marine and aquatic mammals (1) 3. Mismanaged Plastics could and do end its journey in our oceans
a. Plastics could eventually enter the ocean via inland waterways, waterway outflows, or by winds or tides. The estimates of daily mass of plastic waste carried to the ocean vary from place to place wildly (Jambeck, Jenna R., et al. 2015)
b. An estimated 4.8 to 12.7 million MT(metric tons) of plastic waste generated by coastal regions entered the ocean in 2010, equivalent to 1.7 to
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