The Neglected Risk Factors Of Juvenile Delinquency

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Neglected risk factor of Juvenile Delinquency Once a neglected area of study, the relationship between mental health and delinquency has recently become a major focus in the jurisprudence of juvenile justice. A comparison between male juvenile offenders receive adequate mental health care and those who receive insufficient attention revealed that the latter group made twice as adult crimes and violent crimes twice care mental health of juveniles is particularly important because the rates of mental illness in this population are substantially higher than those found in the adolescent population. The rate of mental illness in the adolescent population in general is about 20%. The most common disorders among young offenders are behavior, mood,…show more content…
Therefore, the prevalence rates vary depending on the demographic characteristics of the samples of juvenile offenders. Behavioral family therapy has been found to be an effective treatment for psychological disorders (Smith, Sayger, and Szykula, Depression and suicidal behavior disorder is the most common mood among juveniles. Depression in adolescents is characterized by depression, changes in sleep and appetite, impaired cognition, suicidal ideation and thought processes (Weiss and Garber, 2003). Depressed teens' often they characterized by hopelessness, fatalistic or catastrophic thinking, and negative automatic thoughts. Male offenders depressed are more likely to have comorbid diagnoses of substance dependence, ADHD, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and other anxiety disorders than men not depressed. Depressed children are more likely to engage in criminal acts, as physical assault and theft, children who are not depressed. Depressed children also have higher rates of behavioral problems, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Female Juvenile Offenders In 2000, girls make up 28% of the 2.4 million juvenile arrests (Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention [OJJDP], 2003). Recent statistics indicate that girls represent…show more content…
The victimization of adolescent girls is often a significant entry into the juvenile justice system factor. For example, 92% of juvenile offenders women interviewed in a 1998 study reported that they had been victims of some form of emotional, physical and / or sexual abuse. There is a strong relationship between physical, sexual and emotional victimization and specific high-risk behaviors such as drug use, academic failure and gang membership. In fact, the age that teens female offenders start using drugs coincides with the age at which are more likely to be abused (Acoca and Dedel, 1998) found that girls were more likely to be hit stabbed, shot, or raped at 13 and 14, and 75% of women offenders interviewed reported that regular use of drugs and alcohol began at about age 14. These women reported frequent self-medicate and relieve pain resulting from victimization and abuse attempts. Abusive experiences and drug use is highly correlated with multiple risk behaviors, including truancy, risky sexual activity, and gang involvement. For abused girls, binding bands can fill a social function, allowing young women feel accepted and protected. SES is also sometimes used to explain how predictors of delinquency in young, disadvantaged children are
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