The Neoclassical and Romantic Periods

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The Neoclassical and Romantic Periods Neoclassical Period The Neoclassical age was a time of strict laws of balance and restraint. The Enlightenment or the Age of Reason, are names given to the predominant intellectual movement of the eighteenth century. The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement among the upper and middle class elites. It involved a new world view which explained the world and looked for answers in terms of reason rather than faith, and in terms of an optimistic, natural, humanistic approach rather than a fatalistic, supernatural one. New understandings of the physical world through practice of logic and observation had lead to, and encouraged the belief that similar progress might be made in the area of political economy and social relations. Eventually this method of reason was applied to religious beliefs and the search for a natural, rational religion yielded Deism. Deism was never an organized cult or movement and it conflicted with Christianity. A Deist held very few religious traditional religious truths, the existence of one God, the existence of a system of rewards and punishments administered by that God, and the obligation of men to virtue and piety. Beyond the natural religion of the Deists lay the more radical products of the application of reason to religion, skepticism, atheism, and materialism (Enlightenment, 2010). Neoclassicism emphasized the qualities of outline and linear design over those of color, atmosphere, and effects of
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