The New Deal : The United States And The American People

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The New Deal The 1930’s was a decade filled with economic crisis, a loss of prosperity and crucial challenges that have called for problematic times in American history. The Great Depression, which started in 1929 and ended in the early 1940’s, was a relentless global economic collapse that had numerous catastrophic effects on American society. Throughout the course of American history, many distinct presidents have made significant decisions regarding the progression of the United States and the American people. However, according to Give Me Liberty by Eric Foner, Herbert Hoover was to blame for the “excessive government spending,” and was known for his attempts to be weak and futile. During the largest economic crisis our country has…show more content…
Franklin D. Roosevelt focused on the three R’s, relief, recovery and reform to get America back on its feet. The first hundred days of the new deal was chaotic as it was full of tons of laws being passed. The first new deal consisted of economic recovery, in which, Roosevelt created temporary programs to boost the economy back to how it was. In order to promote economic recovery from the depression, FDR enacted numerous New Deal agencies and programs to vitalize the economy. The first Recovery program was the National Recovery Administration (NRA) which “worked with groups of business leaders to establish industry codes that set standards for output prices, and working conditions.” The goal of the NRA was to eliminate the “cutthroat” competition, in which “companies took losses to drive competitors out of business.” The next program formed was the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) which raised farm prices by setting production quotas for major crops and paying farmers to plant less. Because of the destroyed fields and the loss of market value for crops due to the depression, the money went directly to the farmers as a payment. This was beneficial to the farmers because it allowed them to continue making money while the government regulated the market prices and surplus. FDR worked to rebuild the economy by creating long-term employment for those unemployed and in poverty. He “created jobs for the unemployment while improving the
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