What role did religious intolerance play in the founding of New England colonies other than Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay and in the founding of some
Colonies in the “new world” continent of America differed in many ways. some of which were the Southwest Spanish settlements and the English colonies in North America. They both came with different motives and differed politically, economically and religiously. One of the main differences was that the English colonies aimed to create long-term settlements while the Spanish settlements aimed to gather material wealth and spread Catholicism. During the 17th century, the Southwest Spanish settlements and the English colonies in North America were close geographically, but the way they ruled their colonies was completely different in terms of politics, religion, and economic development.
Religious freedom was a main reason why the colony’s went to the New World. Many places did not have freedom. People wanted be live in whatever religion they wanted, not just in the church of England. Many colonies were founded for religious freedom. Some of the main religious groups were Catholics, Puritans and Puritans. Most of the colonies were founded for religious freedom. In the 1600’s, many of the first and last colonies were founded for religious freedom.
In 1630, the Pilgrims settled in what is now Plymouth, Massachusetts. Their first few months consisted of deplorable weather conditions, infertile soil, and fights with Native Americans. However future colonies learned from their mistakes. By 1700, England had moved on to settling more of the “New World”. The other two colonies would make many improvements to try to make their colony the most appealing, some even sent out brochures to promote themselves and get more colonists. Government, religion, and economy were all very important to the colonists and made or break a colony's future.
New England’s motive to settle there was for freedom of religion due to being in England if they worshiped other religions not been the Church of England, consequences would be imprisonment, fees, discrimination, and even execution. They had two main religious established, Pilgrims and Puritans, been two different religions. Pilgrims were the first permanent settlers on New England.1
Compare the ways in which religion shaped the development of colonial society (to 1740) in TWO of the following regions: New England
The New England colonists, except for Rhode Island, were predominantly Puritans who practiced very strict religious lives. The civil government in these colonies dealt quite harshly with those who dared to disagree with the Puritan church. People were being exiled for speaking out against Puritanism. They whipped baptists. They cropped, or cut off, the ears of Quakers. They even went as far as to hang Quaker missionaries. They did all of this in an order to proselytize and convert people to be Puritan.
Around the 1600’s, New England started to develop a drastic population growth. This growth caused several problems for the occupants including, high prices on food, land, and a shortage of work for many because of the aggressive competition. Immigrants from New England began to prepare for a voyage that would be beneficial for some travelling to Massachusetts and not so much those who were travelling to Virginia. Although the settlers from the Chesapeake Bay and New England came from the same country, these colonies established different societies because of varying elements such as religious freedoms, economy, government’s role in society and unity.
During the 17th and 18th century, English residents felt that England was over-crowded and intolerable. They wanted to lessen these problems that rose up because of the large population increase and to establish more religious freedom (Horn). The English believed that the best way to go about this was to colonize the New World. Subsequently, many colonies began to develop, and of these colonies, Massachusetts Bay and Virginia were the most well-known. The early settlements of Massachusetts and Virginia were both established by similar groups of people at the same time; furthermore, their contrasting beginnings as a colony, views on religion, and method of economic stability all contributed to our American heritage today.
In the seventeenth century, religious persecution ran rampant throughout Europe. In attempt to escape the oppression, many fled to less critical countries and territories. One of the popular refuges was colonial America. Settling in the north, these religious refugees made up a majority in the New England population, endeavoring to use it to form their Ideal society. They could use the new land to implement a new civilization reflective of their beliefs.
In a time when the native population was slowly decreasing and the number of colonies was rising, the New England and the Spanish colonies were born. At that time, everything was constantly changing. Slavery was used in some colonies- the encomienda system was used in others, the economy of the two groups of colonies were completely different, and even what the colonists believed religiously was completely different based on location and biases. Between the New England colonies and the Spanish, there were many significant differences and similarities. In this context, between the years of 1492 and 1700, the New England colonies were extremely similar and different to the Spanish colonies in three aspects- the role of religion of their everyday life, the treatment of the indigenous people, and the amount of control the European government had on the colonies.
The immigrants that settled the colonies of Chesapeake Bay and New England came to the New World for two different reasons. These differences were noticeable in social structure, economic outlook, and religious background. As the colonies were organized the differences were becoming more and more obvious and affected the way the communities prospered. These differences are evident from both written documents from the colonists and the historical knowledge of this particular period in time.
Although the Chesapeake and New England colonies were the earliest English colonies to flourish in the New World, they were both extremely different in the ways that they developed. Similarities between the colonies can be found, but the colonies were mostly different. The colonies differed most in religion, society, culture, economy, and their relationships with the American Indians of the region. The reasons for such differences can be understood by realizing that the colonies were settled by incredibly different people who possessed different cultures, religious beliefs, and motivations for settling in their respective colonies in the first place. The Chesapeake and New England colonies had similarities and differences in their development, including how each colony affected nearby American Indians. Their differences and similarities can be understood by analyzing each colony’s geography, economy, religions, and cultures.
New England was started for the search of religious freedom from persecution. England’s government required a strict attendance to the Anglican church. If a
The founders of New England had one major benefit when they were settling. The charter given to their company, the Massachusetts Bay Company, contained a provision that allowed the government of the colony to be located in the colony itself. This allowed the like-minded individuals who settled the colony, to begin with, to set their own laws, and elect their own government officials. These founders did not want the church to be controlled by the State, as they felt it was in England, so they made it illegal for Ministers and Preachers to hold Public office. They did, however, expect the community to live up to certain religious standards. They wanted to live as saintly as possible to prove they were members of the elect, destined for heaven, and they wanted to uphold Gods Laws so that God would prevent great hardship and disaster from befalling the colony.