Music is an art form and source of power. Many forms of music reflect culture and society, as well as, containing political content and social message. Music as social change has been highlighted throughout the 20th century. In the 1960s the United States saw political and socially oriented folk music discussing the Vietnam War and other social issues. In Jamaica during the 1970s and 1980s reggae developed out of the Ghetto’s of Trench town and expressed the social unrest of the poor and the need to over-through the oppressors. The 1980’s brought the newest development in social and political music, the emergence of hip-hop and rap. This urban musical art form that was developed in New
Chief Wahoo, a logo of the Cleveland Indians, Major League Baseball team. Chief Wahoo, pertains to a cartoon logo that is shown to exemplify a Native American like figure. Like many other logos that indirectly represents Native Americans, people believe that Chief Wahoo is a racist figure and should be changed and not be represented. Although, others may disagree on the matter. Which brings forth the question of, is Cleveland Indians’ Chief Wahoo considered derogatory and racist?
In December 1868, after the Battle of Washita, General Sheridan orders the Cheyennes, Arapahos, Kiowas, and Comanches to surrender at Fort Cobb. The Kiowas do not surrender. Two thousand Kiowas and 2500 Comanches are then put on the reservation at Fort Cobb. At a sun dance on the Red River in the summer of 1870, the Comanches, Southern Cheyennes, and Kiowas consider the possibility of fighting the whites. In mid−May 1871, the Kiowas and Comanches attack and kill seven teamsters leading a train of ten freight wagons. Satanta takes responsibility for this raid, even though it was led by another chief. Since the raid he and other chiefs are arrested for it. As a result, Satanta and Big Tree are sentenced to life in prison in July 1871. But Lone
In chapter ten, author Bruno Nettle takes the reader to the town of Browning, Montana, where he is about to witness a modern Native American ceremony. As he observes, he notices that only one-half of the people there are actual Native Americans. The rest are are white tourists and innocent observers just like himself. Eventually, somewhere around eighteen singing groups appear from different tribes and reservations. They will be summoning the dancers into what is known as the grand entry. Nettle notices that the overall style of the music remains the same among all of the different groups, or `drums.' People are able to interact by taking pictures, video and tape recording what goes on. In that
Of course, the public wants diversity. And musicians do their best to satisfy their audience’s requirements. They offer newer and newer products in an effort to be noticed and loved. However, in their search for the public’s attention, they often forget that their music should not only be diverse, but it should be meaningful. It should reflect the latest tendencies in the culture that they represent. If they are African Americans, they can focus on their ethnic identity which has a lot to boast about. It is not less bright and exciting than the Indian one. The same can be said about Coldplay and their works. They should target, first of all, at their domestic fans and maintain their identity. Then their distinction would be in their cultural singularity. And the other cultures, i.e. the global audience, would be attracted by the things that differ the band from their own
Authenticity can be a debatable measure now in modern music. So many styles of music are emerging from one another that it is debatable it the genre itself it authentic of not.
The book The Warrior Ethos, by Steven Pressfield depicts the warrior’s mentality from ancient times to the present through a variety of different aspects and stories. In The Warrior Ethos, Pressfield states that men are not born with the certain qualities that make a good warrior, but instead are inculcated through years of training and indoctrination, stating at an early age. He goes on to show how different societies have been able to instill the same or very similar ideals throughout history while maintaining their own unique characteristics. Things have changed from ancient Sparta where parents would be enthusiastic about their children going to war, and even more elated
Authenticity in popular music has been an area of discussion since Elvis (Moore 2002 as cited by Gunders 2013) and the meaning and subsequent significance of it within popular music is an area of much contention. Some scholars suggest the term be disregarded as problematic, ultimately meaningless and irrelevant (Gunders 2013) however while there are differing opinions over the importance of authenticity in popular music, its existence within the industry cannot be questioned. “Genre can basically be defined as a category or type” (Shuker pp 95) and is a central aspect of popular music studies. It acts as a set of rules, identifying music as sharing a certain style or set of conventions. Defining authenticity in music is a difficult process
According to Erikson (1968, referenced by Jacobson, 2009), “…in the social jungle of human existence there is no feeling of being alive without a sense of identity.” It is well understood that, like all individuals, youths especially have a need to belong to a social group. Many youth participate in subculture resistance, apparent through demonstrating language, expression, and fashion that are often opposing parental and authority figures, and the dominant culture. People who have similar characteristics or similar experiences are, according to Jacobson (2009, p. 11), more likely to “…unite in opposition to the dominant culture”. A music genre that distinctly demonstrates such is the hip-hop movement. The youth-oriented hip-hop movement finds its significance in the lives of African-American youths in urban working class settings and their resistance to authority, as well as allowing them to voice their identity and address common issues concerning race, gang activity, drugs, violence, and sex. While hip-hop has been suggested to have negative impacts on youths in contemporary society, it is known by most to simply be a reflection of the reality. Hip-hop, as an artistic outlet, challenges the dominant culture whereby teens living in urban areas are frequently subjected to violence and harmful activity, and therefore speaks against the structural oppression within society.
Within the last two decades, young Native Americans have chosen to express themselves through the lyrical broadcast that is modern hip hop music. Not many substantial records of Native American Hip Hop exist before the founding of popular internet websites such as RedHipHop.com. RedHipHop went up on the internet in 1999 and disappeared in 2003. The web site connected users with hip hop blogs and downloadable MP3s. (RED HIPHOP) Soon after, NativeHipHop.net went up and began to gain traction. Due to the increasing adoption of the internet and hosting sites like YouTube, NativeHipHop has held a long record of frequent visitors and consistent updates. For example, on November 4th 2014 NativeHipHop.net was updated with a new song representing the Cree Nation. (Native Hip Hop.net) This song features multiple artists of both genders and illustrates a narrative about their lives. The song received over 8000 page views in the first two weeks of being online. (“I BELIEVE”)The web site didn’t upload the song themselves, but instead linked users to a YouTube video where the artist uploaded it on their own. While other locations discuss Native American hip hop, it’s better to discuss the message of the music itself. Young Native Americans are utilizing cultures of the future to reflect on the present. Using modern hip hop music gives young natives a worldwide stage to converse with today’s society about what it means to be Native American.
Everyone freezed, the waves stopped. Quickly, a lot of people got onto the sand wondering what would happen next. Bobby White, the main life guard, had to make sure everything stayed calm. Which was nearly impossible once an American yelled out ‘There is a massive black cloud coming’. This dark gloomy storm sprawled across the sky, billowing in from the East. However, this wasn’t just a storm, it was filled with human eating aliens. They started to drop into the water although no one knew what they were. Bobby and his crew of life savers went out on their jet-ski’s and turned around straight after they saw one alien pop it’s head out of the water like a crocodile just found its prey. The aliens started to rise from
Musical genres such as reggae, which is associated with the Rastafarian movement, have specific association, no matter the song or singer. American Folk, to name another, has been associated with protest songs for civil rights, anti-war, and many others. Because these genres are associated with specific movements or protests that challenge power, people who listen to them know they have meaning. Artists and the audience both understand that if they are going to listen or perform as an American folk singer, people expect the song to have meaning that attempts to challenge power of some form. People will go listen to certain genres of music because they know that that specific genre will agree with their political, religious or any other
Although music has always personified the culture from which it originated, it has also been the most freely shared mediums between cultures. As new instruments and techniques are embraced by musicians; they are synthesized with the artist’s own styles and music genres then form or evolve with each generation. Musical globalization has been evolving for centuries. The process has just more rapidly developed over the last 50 years with the advent of modern transportation and electronic communications.
"It's only for a section of society. The masses can't really relate to it."; "It's extinct."; "I don't know anything about that. But I can talk to you about Jazz, if you want." Talk about Classical Music and Dance and these are the replies you get from the people of the country, supposedly so rich in heritage and culture. Boasting to have strong traditional and cultural roots, our country has always called itself the land of arts. Unfortunately, the very same country lives in an irony today as its classical arts face an abandonment from the masses. "Who is to be blamed?" is the big question.