The New Social Economic Order

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According to Kowalik, an economist of Polish origin and a witness to the signing of the Round Table Agreement, the agreement was a clear revolution from the previous economic policies. He argues that in the lines of thinking of the old socialist and the right-wing communists, the parties negotiating at the roundtable agreed to make strong the autonomy at the factory level. Apart from this, they also came up with more radical reforms. For example, there was the declaration of change from the administrative planning, to favor the use of economic levers to direct the economy. These led to more freedom in terms of prices and even created a leeway for making some state owned firms private. The new social-economic order also included an agreement for the formation of the Warsaw stock exchange. However, according to Kowalik, these radical reforms were just the beginning of the changes that were to come8 One of the major points that both the government and opposition agreed on was that it was of the utmost importance for reforms of the state to occur, “in accordance with the national raison d’état”via evolution. However, taking an evolutionary approach towards implementing change can be endangered by actions which are extreme or by the actions of “conservative opponents of reforms.”7 At the round table, there was an agreement between the government and Solidarity regarding the need for an evolutionary economic change in society. The government (the coalition) was headed by
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