The Nicomachean Ethics And Political Philosophy Of Aristotle

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Born of a personal physician to King Amyntas of Macedon in Stagira, Chalcidice (55km east of Thessaloniki) in 384 B.C., Aristotle spent time in the Macedon palace and from there he connected with the Macedonian monarchy. Although he was inspired by his father’s scientific work, he did not exhibit much interest in medicine. Instead, at 18, he shifted to Athens to pursue his education at Plato’s Academy, leaving Athens somewhere in 348-347 B.C and spending almost 20 years in this city (367 B.C. to 347 B.C.) .
Rumour has it that, displeased with the Academy’s line of thought, he left Athens leaving the control over to Plato’s nephew, Speusippus. With his friend Xenocrates, he moved to Asia Minor before travelling to Lesbos accompanied by Xenocrates
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He characteristically states: “Now that we have discussed all this, this is the right time to discuss about laws and constitutions. Then we will have completed our philosophy on human issues.”
‘Politics’ is understandably his transition from ’Nicomachean Ethics’. Between 335 and 323 B.C., Aristotle wrote, or at least worked on, some of his major treatises, including the Politics. In his book “Politics”, he presents a discussion of how he perceives the ‘polis’, the city as a political community.

Book I
In Book I, he presents the household as the basic unit of the community, the village as the next step and the final association is the city. He presents “man as being a political animal by nature” and distinguishes three types of relationships, namely the master-slave, husband-wife and parent-child. Aristotle differentiates between slaves by nature and slaves by law, suggesting that slavery benefits both the master and the slave. He finds the relationship between masters and slaves similar to this of the soul and the body, with the former using his powers over the latter who performs unimportant
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