The No Child Left Behind Act Essay

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The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001

Education is the foundation upon which all people grow intellectually, emotionally and socially. American education developed from European intellectual traditions and institutions brought into the New World and continued with modifications and improvements (Foner and Garrataly). Since before the Revolutionary War, America has had a long tradition of considering education as one of the cornerstones of proper upbringing. Over the years there were many significant modifications made to the American educational system, one of which is a recent piece of legislation. On January 8, 2002, President George W. Bush signed into law a “bipartisan education package that greatly expands the federal role in
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The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is a “landmark in education reform designed to improve student achievement and change the culture of America’s schools” (ED.gov). The new act encourages accountability and helps abolish inequality in education.
The “ultimate goal is to ensure that all students will be proficient in reading and mathematics by 2014”(World News Digest). The National Assessment of Educational Progress tests students periodically to investigate performance. In 2003, they reported thirty nine percent of white fourth graders, fourteen percent of Latino students and twelve percent of black students were able to read effectively at grade level. As supporters say, “current shortcomings in the education system justify such a bold approach” (Issues and Controversies). As one of the necessities, states are required to create tests and administer them annually to students, measuring their “adequate yearly progress” toward meeting state standards (Issues and Controversies). Schools that do not meet the mark fall short under the federal law. After two years of failing to meet the standards, schools must offer students the opportunity to transfer to a school that is not failing, with paid transportation. After three years, the schools must offer private tutoring. Those schools missing the requirements for a continuous five years face closing and new management. To establish the act, states and local school

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