The No Child Left Behind Act

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Part 1 Informative The "No Child Left Behind Act" (Public Law 107-110, 115), is a Congressional Act signed into law by George W. Bush in January 2002. The Bill was a bi-partisan initiative, supported by Senator Edward Kennedy, and authorized a number of federal programs designed to improve standards for educational accountability across all States, districts, and increase the focus on reading. Much of the NCLB focus is based on the view that American students are falling behind in educational basis when scored are compared globally. The Act does not establish a national achievement standard; each State must confirm its own set of standards, but in order to receive funding, the States must meet a basic criterion of performance (Abernathy, 2007). Ironically, this comes after five decades of debate on how to improve our nation's school systems. The idea of educational reform, though, is certainly not new. In the 18th century, philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote a novel called Emile that described a view of education that included self-actualization, relevant curriculum, and hands on learning (Rousseau, 2003). John Dewey, born just prior to the Civil War, was a staunch proponent of educational reform education being a continual process for every child so that they could reach their potential through adequate stimuli. This was to be done by understanding the child's interests, capacity, and habits (Henson, 2003). And, in the 20th century the ideas of Maria Montessori,

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