The Norman Conquest and the French Influence on Middle English

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Transilvania University of Brasov
Faculty of Letters
Department of English

THE NORMAN CONQUEST
AND
THE FRENCH INFLUENCE ON MIDDLE ENGLISH

SENTENCE OUTLINE

I. INTRODUCTION
General aspects about the origin of the English language
Brief presentation of the Norman Conquest

II. ENGLISH, FRENCH, LATIN - THREE LANGUAGES IN USE
Aspects of the social and political transformations occured after the Conquest
The roles of each on the three languages in the society of the time

III. FRENCH INFLUENCE ON ENGLISH SPELLING AND PRONOUNCIATION
Influences on the way the sounds were rendered
Influences on the pronounciation of the sounds

IV. FRENCH INFLUENCE ON ENGLISH VOCABULARY
French-loan words and the fields they belonged to
Other elements of
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At Stamford Bridge, he won a decisive victory on 25th September, in which Harald Hard1rada and Tostig were both killed. But after that, Harold's sick, exhausted Saxon army met William's fresh, rested Norman troops on October 14th at Battle near Hastings, and the great battle began. That was the moment when King Harold was killed and the Normans gained control of England. On Christmas Day 1066, William was crowned King of England.
The Norman Conquest had important consequences on all levels, including the linguistic one. English phonetics, vocabulary, morphology and also syntax were influenced by French, but, despite the historical and social background, the mother tongue survived and adapted, reestablishing itself after 1200.

II. ENGLISH, FRENCH, LATIN - THREE LANGUAGES IN USE
At the moment, the conquest probably came as a disaster for the English people, as the Normans brought their new territory under control with systematic rigour. After the English royal family had been destroyed in the battle, the new king established his own regime. At the time, Normandy had an advanced feudal system of political organisation, which accelerated the establishment of feudalism in Britain. Moreover, most of the representatives of the native nobility were eliminated and a French-speaking monarchy, aristocracy and clerical hierarchy took over. Thus, the important positions and the great estates were mostly in
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