The North American Free Trade Agreement Essay

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The North American Free Trade Agreement, also known as NAFTA, is a free trade agreement (FTA) ratified by the three North American countries; Canada, the United States, and Mexico. Although it came under heavy scrutiny, it was implemented on January 1, 1994. NAFTA eliminated tariff barriers and allowed for a virtually unrestrained flow of trade, services, and investments. Mexico has been the country which was thought to advance the most from the implementation of NAFTA, but has instead become even more dependent on its neighbors to the north. “As an extension of the regime of globalization, NAFTA ensures Mexico’s economic dependency on its “trading partners,” Canada and the United States. Ironically, NAFTA does not facilitate the easy movement of people (Kunnie 36). The inability for people affected by NAFTA and the negative consequences on their land makes for worsening environmental trends in cities like Mexico City that take in migrant workers because there are no jobs in the towns they lived in before. While NAFTA allowed for free trade in North America, Mexico became victim to its lack of environmental protection leading to degradation of human life and health, deforestation and desertification, loss of biodiversity, lower quality crops, and intimidation of indigenous Mexican people. Biodiversity means the variability within and among living organisms and the systems they inhabit (2; Scott 2). The unique biological diversity is one of Mexico’s attractions with much of

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