The Nuclear Of Nuclear Weapons

1852 WordsNov 17, 20148 Pages
Before the Second World War, nuclear weapons did not exist. However, by the end of the Second World War, this was not the case. The United States initiated a top secret program code-named the Manhattan Project. This project brought some of the greatest minds of the world together with the goal of developing nuclear weapons. The United States successfully tested its first nuclear bomb in New Mexico on July 16th, 1945. Three weeks later two atomic bombs had been dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan, the only use of nuclear weapons in wartime. The atomic age had begun and the race to acquire nuclear technology for peaceful and non-peaceful purposes started around the globe. The United States was the first and only state to posse nuclear weapon but that has changed over the last seventy years. Currently the United States, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, France, Israel, India, Pakistan, China and North Korea have active nuclear arsenals. Attempts to limit, or stop the spread of nuclear weapons immediately, emerged after the first tests in New Mexico. This paper will look at the effectiveness of efforts to stop nuclear proliferation from a Liberal and Realist perspective, and will argue that Realism present the more appropriate approach to the international system due to its explanation of anarchy, cooperation, and power. The fear of the spread of nuclear weapons sparked unprecedented international cooperation in terms of weapons and material for military

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