# The Numbers And Counting System In Ancient Egypt

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Numbers and counting systems are used daily by everyone. Numerous civilizations throughout history like Egypt, Babylonian, Maya and Africa developed a unique number system. They were commonly used to communicate numbers in an everyday life. Since then counting has changed. A few of the earlier systems had principles that survived and helped in some way, shape or form to create our current Hindu Arabic numbering system. It has become widespread. Back in 3000 B.C, ancient Egypt was using the number system to calculate areas of land, distribute money, and much more. The Egyptian counting system consisted of hieroglyphs and pictorial signs. The graphic numbers can be of a person, animal, or plant. The hieroglyphic numbers were a written form of the number system. It used a decimal base approach. For all the powers of ten, there was a unique symbol. For example, the number ten was represented as a upside down “U”, for the number a hundred thousand it was tadpole, for a million it was represented by a man kneeling with his arms raised. When reading or writing the number, it is written from right to left. It was written on temples, vases, and stone monuments. The Egyptians used hieroglyphic numbers to advance in architectural achievements. Math was used to make historical creations like tombs and pyramids. Greenwald and Thomley agree that “the ancient Egyptians were also aware of fractions, which were primarily written as unit fractions of the form 1⁄n, such as 1⁄2or 1⁄4…”