The Nursing Interventions Required for One Essay

1900 Words8 Pages
Introduction

The aim of this essay is to explore evidence based nursing intervention in the care and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in an acutely ill patient. The acutely ill patient involved in this essay was admitted to hospital due to cerebrovascular accident and had a past medical history of myocardial Infarction, left Ventricular failure, peripheral vascular disease and duodenal ulcer as well as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This essay will provide a rationale for the chosen aspect of care (COPD) and reason will be given why it is a priority. In particular the essay will examine the significance of the underlying pathophysiology of the disease relating to the acutely ill patient other
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When the respiratory tissue damaged, the body’s inflammatory responses cause the lining of the airways to become swollen and thickened as a result of constant irritation that leads to an excessive mucus secretion in effort to protect the lungs from inhaled irritants such as cigarette smoking, air pollution, passive smoking, occupational dusts and chemicals (Currie 2009).

This essay will now analyze the nursing intervention that requires for the acutely ill patient to prevent an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The nurse carried out an initial assessment of a full history, taking in consideration that the patient was over 35 years of age who has been, or still is, a cigarette smoker, with vascular related diseases and had symptoms of breathlessness on exertion, chest tightness, wheezing, coughing, sputum production especially in the morning and chest infection (Currie 2009). A physical examination was done to check the patient respiration rate, depth and rhythm, blood pressure, pulse, temperature and oxygen saturation (Lynes 2007). The acutely ill patient’s respiration was between 30-34 breaths per minute, blood pressure 580/98, pulse 110 beat per minute and saturation levels 80-82%. Increase respiration indicates that the patient was in fear, pain and anxious. Anxiety causes stimulation of sympathetic nervous activation which forces bronchioles
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