The Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico

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Principles Environmental Science Introduction Rig of the drilling Deep-water Horizon operated under British petroleum failed in its operation sinking below the seawater of the Gulf of Mexico on the 20th of April 2010. More than 11 workers lost their lives. After this incident, tons and tons of oil gushed from the main opening of the well, buried 1600 meters below the sea level. Necessary steps have been taken to take control on the spill but still there is much to handle when it comes to the consistent danger being faced by the environment. The main culprit ingredient of the incident is the petroleum posing a number of disastrous effects to the environment. Types of Air and Water Pollutants Fresh oil present on the surface of the Gulf of Mexico being the primary pollutant evaporates in the air. This oil is broken down into tiny particles called the aerosols, which are designated to be the secondary pollutants. The aerosols that include certain classes of hydrocarbons are not easily broken down hence remaining in the air. Other than the aerosols, a significant amount of alkyl nitrates, hexane, methane, and butane compounds have been identified in the air which along with the aerosols are skin irritants and can cause dizziness (Landau, 2011, p. 67). Aerosols have been related to lung cancers. Surprisingly, the concentration of these compounds in the air is much higher when compared to the highly polluted environments of Los Angeles, Oklahoma and Mexico. The oil
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