The Old Man and the Sea: The Parallel Between Santiago and Jesus Christ

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There is never a simple key to any writer worth much attention, but in the case of Hemingway there is something that looks so like a key… that it cannot escape any informed and thoughtful reader’s notice" (O’Conner 153). Ernest Hemingway was one such author. Very rarely did he summarize statements, therefore the only way to solve his puzzle was to take it apart and examine each components. One of the hidden elements that the reader must analyzie closely is the parallel between Santiago and Jesus Christ. In the novel, The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway creates connections between Santiago and Jesus Christ that adds religious coloration to the story.
Santiago can be compared to a Christ figure on the basis of his relationships
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SIMILARLY Moreover, according to Manolin, Santiago "has intentionally gone beyond the limits of mankind" (Wylder 205). Manolin believes that everything Santiago has achieved in his lifetime can never be attained by anyone else. Furthermore, believers of Christ agree "that the accomplishments Christ achieved in his mortality will never be equated by anyone else" (Wylder 209).
Another comparison that parallels Santiago to Christ is the notion that Santiago is Christ. As Sheldon Grebstein notes, "The writer cannot refrain from emphasizing a correspondence between his noble fisherman and Jesus Christ" (91). An example of this is when Santiago sees the first of two sharks and says, "Ay," "There is no translation for this word and perhaps it is just a noise such a man might make, involuntarily, feeling the nail go through his hands and into the wood" (Hemingway 99). This is a reference to the crucified Christ, when the nails pierced his hands on the Cross. Both men allude to the fear of suffering. In the case of Santiago, the sight of the sharks frighten him because he knows they can cause harm. For Christ, after he is nailed to the Cross, he knows there is more agony to endure. Subsequent to the sight of sharks, Santiago completes his voyage on the sea and returns to land. Darkness approaches and this is more than simple lack of sunlight. As John’s Gospel notes, when Judas leaves to set in
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