The Old Man and the Sea: an Annotated Bibliography

1684 Words Jan 11th, 2013 7 Pages
Nick Choi
Ms. Marshall
English 11 Honors
18 January 2013
The Old Man and the Sea: An Annotated Bibiliography
Ernest Hemingway’s novel, The Old Man and the Sea, can be construed as an allusion to the Bible and the struggles of Jesus based on Santiago’s experiences.
Baskett, Sam S. "Toward a 'Fifth Dimension' in The Old Man and the Sea." The Centennial Review 19.4 (Fall 1975): 269-286. Rpt. in Short Story Criticism. Ed. Anna Sheets- Nesbitt. Vol. 36. Detroit: Gale Group, 2000. Literature Resource Center. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. Baskett provides a detailed analysis of the symbolic detail in The Old Man and the Sea ranging from biblical allusions to Santiago’s aura of “strangeness”, which he says contributes to Hemingway’s “fifth dimensional
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After Simon and his fishermen face the loss, they then join Jesus in discipleship. Though Santiago faces his loss, he becomes more humble at the end, showing characteristics of a disciple for his efforts.
Pratt, John Clark. "My pilgrimage: fishing for religion with Hemingway. (Articles)." The Hemingway Review 21.1 (2001): 78+. Literature Resource Center. Web. 13 Jan. 2013. Pratt covers the time-period between 1952 to the present and chronicles his own efforts to define and explain Hemingway’s use of religious allusion in his fiction. Pratt begins to correlate symbols in The Old Man and the Sea to the bible. For example, he mentions how Santiago refers to Saint James, who was a great fisherman who is also considered by some religions to have been the brother of Christ. He continues by explaining how the skeleton of the fish, a universal Christ symbol, is given to Pedrico, translating to Little Peter, to “chop it up and use in fish traps” (124). He concludes by stating that if people are not very careful to resolve universal paradoxes, they may well act like Hemingway’s ignorant tourists at the end who, knowing none of the details or the history of this symbolic struggle, mistake the skeleton of the marlin for that of its evil opponent, the shark. Pratt discusses many symbols and biblical allusions in The Old Man and the Sea. The analysis of the symbols is a strong support to prove that Hemingway used references from the bible to create his

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