The On Native American Tribes

906 WordsMay 4, 20174 Pages
The first attempt at dealing with Native American tribes can be seen through the acts of George Washington as he attempted to eradicate all indigenous people bypassing any attempt at a peaceful interaction. Washington insisted on developing a professional army which developed into a group of “vicious killers” (Dunbar-Oritz, 82). He was so set on Native removal that the Second Amendment was developed for the purpose of arming colonizers to murder Native people. From this moment on the United States government set out on a path to attempt to destroy Native people, their culture, and their history. This was done in various ways by various leaders throughout the nation’s developing years and into the present. The first phase of the U.S.…show more content…
The reasoning behind this was that recognizing tribal governments and land as separate from the rest of the country “undermined national unity” (Edmunds, 406). This would also allow non-Native people access to Native lands. Originally, some Native people, mainly the more wealthy or the leaders welcomed the idea of no longer being a ward of the government as they were promised more freedom from federal control (Edmunds, 408). Commissioner William Zimmerman issues a plan that included three separate lists of tribes; one for tribes that needed immediate termination, one for tribes that needed future termination, and one that would be make tribes a ward of the government indefinitely (Mohler, Lecture April, 10). From these lists sprung House Concurrent Resolution 108, making Native Americans official U.S. citizens, and Public Law 280 which dismantled reservation boarders (Mohler, Lecture April, 10). Shortly after the phase of termination, began recognition. This phase was kick started by The American Indiana Chicago Conference. This conference produced a Declaration of Indian purpose that “demanded an end to termination and a central role for Indians in future government policy-making” (Edmunds, 416). This document was presented to President Kennedy and Vice President Johnson at a White House ceremony in June 1962 (Edmunds, 416). This interaction with Johnson would provide helpful as he became the new president with a mission for a war on poverty. Johnson
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