The On The Deep Sea

1743 Words Jan 15th, 2016 7 Pages
Jyotika Virmani, an oceanographer and XPrize 's senior director of prize operations, stated in late 2015 “ninety-five percent of the ocean is unexplored. In fact, we have better maps of Mars. Every time we go, we always find something new” (Bathke). Exploring the deep sea has captured the imagination of humankind ever since Leonardo da Vinci made drawings of a submarine more than 500 years ago in 1515. Since the early 20th century, people have been venturing into the ocean in submersible vehicles. However, it was not until 1960 when Swiss oceanographer and engineer Jacques Piccard and United States Navy lieutenant Don Walsh descended to the bottom of the Mariana Trench (10,915 meters) in the submersible Trieste that deep-sea exploration interest was fully sparked (Thorpe, Steele, Turekian).
Since that courageous descent more than half a decade ago, significant advances in deep-sea submersible vehicles and technologies have been made. Now, even the general public is familiar with deep-sea exploration vehicles like submersibles, otherwise known as Human-Operated Vehicles (HOVs). HOVs allow a human to explore much of the world’s oceans – the deepest diving vehicles are capable of reaching nearly ninety-nine percent of the seafloor.
There are about ten different types of submersibles available worldwide for scientific research and exploration that can dive to depths greater than 1000 meters, a good measure for exploring the seafloor. Unfortunately, all require a dedicated…

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