The Ongoing Fight Against the HIV/AIDS Epidemic

606 Words2 Pages
A. Main elements of the problem and history of the issue. HIV/AIDS was first discovered in the late 19th and early 20th century in Sub- Saharan Africa. It originated from primates and transferred to humans. There are two types of HIV. HIV-1, and HIV-2. The HIV1 is more common because of how easily transmitted it is. The HIV1 is found in chimpanzees in Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of Congo, and Central African Republic. HIV2 is less transmittable because it was confined to West Africa before it could spread to epidemic levels. Every country has HIV/Aids in them. As of 2012, Swaziland has had the most percentage of aids by 26.50 of its population. Lesotho, Botswana, South Africa, Zimbabwe, and Namibia follow with numbers ranging from 23-13 percent. Since the problem originates in Africa, that is where the top HIV/AIDS infestation is. 68% of the people infected with HIV lives in Sub- Saharan Africa. More than half of all new HIV infections are in people under the callow age of 25, therefor millions are growing up with AIDS, or with dying family members. B. Actions Previously Taken An organization called Hope for African Children Initiative (HACI) was created to overcome the challenges of HIV for millions of African Children. These children can either have HIV themselves, or their parents. This organization was established in 2000 and works to increase the capacity of local communities to provide support services. (3) A form of prevention has
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