The Orbitofrontal Cortex and Social Behaviors

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Within the realm if biological psychology, there are two known types of behaviour. One being regulatory and the other, non-regulatory. Regulatory behaviour is controlled by the hypothalamus and maintains homeostasis in the body by continuing the processes of the vital body systems. An example of this could be; eating. Regulatory behaviour occurs in a person’s everyday life without them noticing that it happens. Non-regulatory behaviour, on the other hand is not controlled by a homeostatic mechanism in the hypothalamus but rather in the orbitofrontal cortex. Example of non-regulatory behaviour include; parenting, aggression and social behaviour. (Swartz, L. et al, 2011)
The orbitofrontal cortex is a part of the brain that is located superiorly to the eye socket and inferiorly to the frontal lobe. Part of its function is that it is involved in the regulation of reward-orientated behaviour, inhibiting unwanted behaviour as well as being involved with emotions and decision making (Swartz, L et al, 2011).
The orbitofrontal cortex is greatly associated with social behaviour. With reference to (Beer, J. S. et al), there are two theories that are coherent social short-comings associated with the orbitofrontal cortex. These are one, “deficient emotional systems” and two, “self-monitoring”. Deficient emotional systems or the lack of behavioural monitoring can be characterized by the “somatic marker hypothesis”. This theory suggests that the orbitofrontal cortex is an imperative part
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